Broadcast & Online Journalism
MJM 023 Solved Free Assignment 2023
IGNOU MJM 023 Solved Free Assignment January & July 2023
Q 1. Discuss the different characteristics of online journalism with examples.
Ans. Online journalism, also known as digital journalism, has become a popular form of journalism in recent years due to the widespread use of the internet and mobile devices.
Online journalism shares many characteristics with traditional journalism, but it also has unique features that distinguish it from other forms of media.
Interactivity: One of the key characteristics of online journalism is interactivity. Unlike traditional journalism, online journalism allows readers to interact with the content in various ways. MJM 023 Solved Free Assignment 2023
For example, readers can leave comments, share articles on social media, and participate in online polls and surveys.
This allows readers to engage with the content and provide feedback, which can help improve the quality of the journalism.
An example of interactive journalism is The Guardian’s “The Counted” project, which tracked police killings in the United States.
The project included an interactive map that allowed users to explore data on police killings by state and by race.
Users could also contribute to the project by submitting information on police killings in their communities.MJM 023 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Multimedia: Another important characteristic of online journalism is the use of multimedia. Online journalism allows journalists to use a variety of media, such as text, images, audio, and video, to tell stories.
This makes the journalism more engaging and allows readers to consume information in a variety of ways.
An example of multimedia journalism is The New York Times’ “Snow Fall” project, which covered a deadly avalanche in Washington State.
The project included text, images, videos, and interactive graphics to tell the story in a compelling and informative way.
Accessibility: Online journalism is also more accessible than traditional journalism. With the widespread use of the internet and mobile devices, readers can access online journalism from anywhere at any time.
This allows journalists to reach a wider audience and share their stories with people who may not have access to traditional media.
An example of accessible journalism is ProPublica’s “Lost Mothers” project, which investigated maternal mortality in the United States.
The project was available online and was easily accessible to anyone with an internet connection.MJM 023 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Speed: Online journalism is known for its speed. With the use of the internet and social media, journalists can report and share news quickly.
This allows readers to get the latest news and information as soon as it happens.
An example of fast journalism is CNN’s coverage of the Boston Marathon bombing in 2013.
CNN was one of the first news organizations to report on the bombing, and its coverage was widely shared on social media.
Data-driven: Online journalism is also more data-driven than traditional journalism. With the use of technology, journalists can collect and analyze large amounts of data to uncover important stories and trends.
An example of data-driven journalism is The Washington Post’s “Fatal Force” project, which tracked police shootings in the United States.
The project used data to analyze patterns and trends in police shootings, which helped to inform the public and policymakers about the issue.
Personalization: Online journalism also allows for personalization. With the use of algorithms and user data, online media companies can personalize content for individual users. MJM 023 Solved Free Assignment 2023
This means that readers can receive content that is tailored to their interests and preferences.
An example of personalized journalism is Amazon’s “Washington Post” app, which uses algorithms to personalize content for individual readers.
The app uses data on users’ reading habits to recommend articles and topics that may be of interest to them.
Q 2. Describe the different categories of presenters in radio.
Ans. Radio presenters are the voices that bring life to the airwaves. They are responsible for hosting and producing radio programs, delivering news and other updates, interviewing guests, and interacting with listeners.
Radio presenters come in different categories depending on their roles and responsibilities. MJM 023 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Hosts: Radio hosts are the main presenters of a radio program. They are responsible for creating and delivering content that is informative, entertaining, and engaging for their listeners.
Radio hosts may have different specialties such as music, news, sports, talk shows, and more. They are the backbone of a radio program and set the tone for the entire show.
An example of a radio host is Ryan Seacrest, who hosts the nationally syndicated show “On Air with Ryan Seacrest.” The show features celebrity interviews, pop culture news, and music.
News Anchors: News anchors are radio presenters who deliver news updates and breaking news stories.
They work closely with producers and reporters to gather and deliver news stories that are accurate, timely, and informative.
News anchors need to have strong journalistic skills and knowledge of current events.MJM 023 Solved Free Assignment 2023
An example of a news anchor is Steve Kathan, who anchors CBS Radio News. He delivers news updates to over 400 radio stations across the United States.
Sports Presenters: Sports presenters are radio presenters who specialize in covering sports news, events, and games.
They are responsible for delivering live play-by-play coverage of games, interviews with athletes and coaches, and analysis of sports news and events.
An example of a sports presenter is Jim Nantz, who hosts “The Masters” coverage on CBS Radio. He has covered numerous sporting events, including the Super Bowl, the NCAA Final Four, and the Olympics.MJM 023 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Talk Show Hosts: Talk show hosts are radio presenters who specialize in hosting talk shows where they discuss various topics with guests and listeners.
Talk show hosts need to have strong communication skills and be able to engage their listeners in meaningful conversations.
An example of a talk show host is Rush Limbaugh, who hosted “The Rush Limbaugh Show” for over 30 years. The show covered a variety of topics, including politics, entertainment, and current events.
DJ Presenters: DJ presenters are radio presenters who specialize in playing music and creating a music experience for their listeners. They may host shows that feature specific genres of music, such as rock, pop, hip hop, or classical.
An example of a DJ presenter is Zane Lowe, who hosts the “Apple Music 1” radio show. He is known for his interviews with musicians and his passion for discovering new music.MJM 023 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Traffic and Weather Presenters: Traffic and weather presenters are radio presenters who provide updates on traffic and weather conditions in their local areas.
They work closely with producers and meteorologists to gather and deliver accurate and timely updates.
An example of a traffic and weather presenter is John Elliott, who anchors WCBS Radio’s morning show in New York City. He provides updates on traffic and weather conditions to help commuters plan their day.
Q 3. Write a script for a television news package of 90 seconds duration on any news story of your choice.
Ans. [INTRODUCTION] Anchor: “Good evening, I’m Sethi, and welcome to tonight’s special news package. MJM 023 Solved Free Assignment 2023
In today’s rapidly changing world, one story is shining brighter than ever. A renewable energy revolution is sweeping the nation, and it’s all about solar power.”
[SEGMENT 1: SOLAR ENERGY ON THE RISE]
Sethi: “Across the country, solar farms are popping up like never before. From coast to coast, the United States is harnessing the power of the sun to meet its energy needs. Let’s take a closer look.”
[Clip of solar panels being installed]
Sethi: “Solar panels are becoming a common sight on rooftops and in open fields. They capture sunlight and convert it into electricity, reducing our reliance on fossil fuels.”
[SEGMENT 2: BENEFITS OF SOLAR ENERGY]
Sethi: “But why is solar energy so important? The benefits are clear.”
[Clip of solar farm with stats] MJM 023 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Sethi : “Solar energy is clean and renewable, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and combating climate change.
It also creates jobs and boosts local economies. Solar farms like this one in [Location] are providing clean energy to thousands of homes.”
[SEGMENT 3: COST-EFFECTIVENESS]
Sethi: “One major driver of the solar boom is cost-effectiveness.”
[Clip of homeowner talking about savings]
Sethi : “Homeowners are installing solar panels to save money on their electricity bills.
In fact, the cost of solar panels has dropped significantly in recent years, making them more accessible to everyone.”MJM 023 Solved Free Assignment 2023
[SEGMENT 4: SOLAR TECHNOLOGY INNOVATIONS]
Sethi: “Innovation is propelling the solar industry forward.”
[Clip of solar panel innovation]
Sethi: “Researchers are developing more efficient and flexible solar panels, increasing their energy output. Some even envision solar-powered roads and highways in the near future.”
[SEGMENT 5: CHALLENGES AND THE WAY FORWARD]
Sethi: “While the future of solar energy is bright, there are challenges to overcome.”
[Clip of nighttime solar farm]
Sethi: “Solar power generation is dependent on sunlight, which means energy storage solutions like batteries are crucial for nighttime or cloudy days.
Additionally, the need for more infrastructure and policies to support renewables remains.” MJM 023 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Sethi “As we’ve seen, the solar energy revolution is well underway, bringing cleaner air, lower energy bills, and a brighter future. It’s a shining example of how innovation and determination can change the world.
Thank you for joining us for this special news package. I’m Sethi, and remember, the sun is shining, and so is the future of energy.”
[OUTRO] [Cut to a scenic view of a solar farm with the sun setting in the background] Voiceover: “This is just the beginning of the renewable energy journey.
Stay tuned for more updates on how solar power and other sustainable technologies are transforming our world.”
Q 4. Explain the pre-production stage for a television documentary production.
Ans. The pre-production stage is a crucial phase in television documentary production. MJM 023 Solved Free Assignment 2023
It is during this stage that the foundation for the entire production is laid, and the team determines the direction, scope, and overall approach of the documentary.
Research and Concept Development
The first step in the pre-production stage is to determine the concept and theme of the documentary. This requires extensive research to identify the subject matter and the relevant information needed to develop the narrative.
The research should be exhaustive and cover all the essential aspects of the subject matter, including historical context, relevant statistics, and key figures.
The team should then take time to discuss and develop a clear and concise concept for the documentary, taking into account the target audience and the purpose of the documentary.
The concept should be reviewed and refined, ensuring it aligns with the overall vision for the production.MJM 023 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Budgeting and Scheduling
Once the concept is established, the next step is to determine the budget for the documentary production. The budget should consider all the necessary expenses, including equipment rentals, travel, accommodation, and staffing costs.
The budget should be realistic and ensure that there is enough money to cover all aspects of the production process.
After budgeting, the team should establish a shooting schedule, identifying the key dates for filming and other necessary activities. The schedule should take into account the availability of crew, equipment, and talent.
Casting and Location Scouting
At this stage, the team should begin casting for any necessary talent, including presenters or actors.
The casting process should be thorough, ensuring that the selected talent is suitable for the role and capable of delivering the required performance.
The team should also begin scouting locations for filming, taking into account the narrative requirements of the documentary.
The location should be visually appealing and enhance the overall story being told.
Scriptwriting and Storyboarding MJM 023 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Scriptwriting and storyboarding are crucial elements in the pre-production stage. The script should be well-written, concise, and clearly outline the narrative of the documentary.
The script should also identify the necessary shots and locations required for filming.
Storyboarding is an essential tool for visualizing the story and determining the necessary shots required to tell the story effectively.
Storyboarding involves creating a visual representation of the narrative, including camera angles, shot types, and transitions.
Finally, before moving to the production stage, the team should conduct a pre-production meeting to ensure that all aspects of the documentary have been adequately addressed.
This meeting should include all relevant team members, including producers, directors, writers, and crew.MJM 023 Solved Free Assignment 2023
During the pre-production meeting, the team should review the concept, budget, schedule, casting, locations, script, and storyboards.
The meeting should also serve as an opportunity to address any concerns and finalize any outstanding issues.
Q 5. Explain any two of the following terms:
ii. Content Management System (CMS)
Ans.(i) Hyper-textuality is the concept of linking information in a non-linear manner through hyperlinks. The concept originated with the development of the World Wide Web and has since become an essential feature of online communication.
It allows for the creation of a vast network of interconnected information, which users can navigate freely, following their interests and making their own connections.MJM 023 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Hyper-textuality has several characteristics that distinguish it from traditional forms of communication, including:
Non-linearity: Unlike traditional communication methods, such as books or newspapers, hyper-textual content is not presented in a linear manner.
Instead, users can navigate through the content in any order they choose, clicking on hyperlinks to access related information.
Interactivity: Hyper-textual content is highly interactive, allowing users to engage with the content and navigate through it at their own pace. It encourages user participation, feedback, and collaboration.
Multimodality: Hyper-textual content can include various forms of media, including text, images, audio, and video. This multimodality allows for a more engaging and immersive experience for users.MJM 023 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Linking: Hyper-textual content is characterized by its extensive use of hyperlinks, which connect information and allow for the creation of a vast network of interconnected data.
Some examples of hyper-textual content include blogs, social media platforms, online encyclopedias, and news websites.
Each of these platforms utilizes hyperlinks to connect information, making it easier for users to find related content and expand their knowledge on a particular subject.
Hyper-textuality has transformed the way we access and interact with information. It has provided a platform for collaboration and knowledge-sharing on an unprecedented scale, allowing users to access vast amounts of information quickly and easily.
However, hyper-textuality also presents several challenges, including the need for effective navigation and the management of information overload.
To overcome these challenges, users must develop effective strategies for navigating hyper-textual content, such as using search tools and creating bookmarks to save relevant information.MJM 023 Solved Free Assignment 2023
(ii) A Content Management System (CMS) is a software application that allows users to manage and organize digital content.
It provides a centralized platform for creating, storing, and publishing content, making it easier for businesses and individuals to manage their online presence.
CMS has several key features, including:
Content Creation and Editing: CMS provides a user-friendly interface for creating and editing content, including text, images, videos, and other multimedia formats. Users can create content in real-time, preview it, and make changes as necessary.
Content Organization: CMS allows users to organize their content using categories, tags, and metadata. This makes it easier to find and retrieve content, especially as the volume of content grows.
Content Publishing: CMS enables users to publish content to their website or other digital platforms, such as social media, with just a few clicks. It automates the publishing process, reducing the need for manual intervention.
User Management: CMS provides tools for managing user roles and permissions, allowing users to control who can access and modify content. This is particularly important for organizations that have multiple content contributors.
Customization: CMS allows users to customize their website or digital platform using themes, plugins, and other tools. This enables users to create a unique look and feel for their website, without the need for technical expertise.
Some examples of CMS platforms include WordPress, Drupal, and Joomla. These platforms are used by millions of websites around the world, from small businesses to large corporations.MJM 023 Solved Free Assignment 2023
CMS has several benefits for businesses and individuals, including:
Increased Efficiency: CMS streamlines content creation and management, reducing the time and resources required to manage digital content.
Improved Collaboration: CMS provides a centralized platform for content creation and management, making it easier for teams to collaborate and share content.
Enhanced Security: CMS platforms provide tools for securing digital content, such as user authentication, access controls, and data encryption.
Scalability: CMS platforms are highly scalable, allowing businesses to easily add new content and features as their needs grow.
However, CMS also presents some challenges, such as the need for technical expertise, the potential for security vulnerabilities, and the need for ongoing maintenance and updates.MJM 023 Solved Free Assignment 2023