MJM 021 Solved Free Assignment 2023
IGNOU MJM 021 Solved Free Assignment January & July 2023
Q 1. Write a feature for your local newspaper on the rise of pollution levels in cities during festivals and weddings and sustainable ways of celebrations
Ans. With the onset of festivities and wedding season, the air quality in cities across the country takes a turn for the worse.
The increase in pollution levels during this time has become a matter of concern for both citizens and the government.
The use of firecrackers, open burning of waste, and the heavy use of electricity are some of the primary reasons behind the spike in pollution levels.
In this feature, we will explore the impact of festivals and weddings on pollution levels in cities and discuss sustainable ways of celebrating these occasions.
Festivals are an integral part of our culture and traditions, and they bring communities together in a spirit of celebration.
However, the use of firecrackers during festivals has become a significant contributor to air pollution. MJM 021 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The smoke and chemicals released by firecrackers are harmful to human health and the environment. The noise pollution caused by firecrackers can also lead to stress and anxiety in animals and humans alike.
Similarly, weddings are grand affairs that involve extravagant decorations, lighting, and a large number of guests.
The use of electricity during weddings and the generation of waste from the decorations and food can also have a detrimental effect on the environment.
The impact of festivals and weddings on the environment is not limited to air pollution. The generation of waste during these occasions also has a significant impact on the environment. MJM 021 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The use of plastic and disposable items during weddings and festivals leads to an increase in the amount of waste generated.
This waste often ends up in landfills, where it takes years to decompose and can cause soil and water pollution.
The good news is that there are sustainable ways of celebrating festivals and weddings that can help reduce the impact on the environment.
For example, instead of using firecrackers, people can opt for eco-friendly options like sparklers, which are much safer and produce less smoke.
The use of noise-cancelling headphones can also help reduce the impact of noise pollution on individuals.MJM 021 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Similarly, weddings can be celebrated in a more sustainable manner by reducing the use of electricity and opting for more energy-efficient lighting.
The decorations can also be made using sustainable materials like bamboo or jute, which are biodegradable and do not harm the environment.
Additionally, the use of reusable and recyclable items like plates, cups, and cutlery can significantly reduce the amount of waste generated during weddings.
In recent years, there has been a growing awareness about the need to celebrate festivals and weddings in a more sustainable manner.
Many individuals and organizations are actively working towards promoting eco-friendly celebrations. MJM 021 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Several startups have emerged that offer sustainable alternatives to traditional celebrations, such as eco-friendly decorations, biodegradable cutlery, and compostable plates.
One such startup is ‘Green Celebrations,’ which offers sustainable event planning services.
The company provides eco-friendly decorations, lighting, and catering services for weddings and other events.
They also promote sustainable practices like using solar energy and reducing waste generation.
Another startup, ‘Eco-Friendly Celebrations,’ offers a range of eco-friendly products for weddings and festivals. MJM 021 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The company provides biodegradable cutlery, compostable plates, and sustainable decorations made from natural materials like jute, bamboo, and cotton.
Q 2. Write an article on the concerns of the government regarding the use of crypto currency in the country
Ans. In recent years, the use of cryptocurrency has gained widespread attention across the globe.
However, the government of many countries has expressed concerns about the use of cryptocurrency in their respective nations.
India is one such country where the government has expressed concerns about the use of cryptocurrency. MJM 021 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Cryptocurrency is a digital or virtual currency that uses encryption techniques to secure and verify transactions and to control the creation of new units.
Unlike traditional currency, which is backed by a central authority, cryptocurrency is decentralized and operates independently of any central authority or bank.
This decentralized nature of cryptocurrency has led to concerns from the government about its use.
One of the primary concerns of the Indian government regarding cryptocurrency is the possibility of it being used for illegal activities such as money laundering, terrorism financing, and drug trafficking.
Cryptocurrency transactions are anonymous, which makes it difficult for law enforcement agencies to trace the source and destination of the funds.
This anonymity has the potential to be exploited by criminals to carry out illegal activities.MJM 021 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Another concern of the Indian government is the lack of regulation and control over cryptocurrency transactions.
Cryptocurrency transactions are not regulated by any central authority or bank, which means that there is no mechanism to ensure the security of these transactions.
This lack of regulation makes it difficult for the government to prevent fraudulent activities or to ensure that the transactions are not being used to fund illegal activities.MJM 021 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Additionally, the Indian government is concerned about the potential impact of cryptocurrency on the stability of the traditional financial system.
Cryptocurrency has the potential to disrupt the traditional financial system by creating a parallel financial system that operates outside the purview of central banks and other financial institutions.
This can lead to a loss of control by the government over the financial system, which can have far-reaching consequences.
Furthermore, the Indian government is concerned about the impact of cryptocurrency on the Indian economy.
The volatility of cryptocurrency prices can have a significant impact on the Indian economy, which is heavily reliant on foreign investment.
The fluctuations in the value of cryptocurrency can lead to a loss of investor confidence, which can negatively impact the Indian economy.
In response to these concerns, the Indian government has taken several measures to regulate the use of cryptocurrency in the country.
In 2018, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) banned banks from dealing with cryptocurrency exchanges and other related businesses.
The ban was lifted in 2020 by the Supreme Court, which ruled that the RBI’s decision was disproportionate and arbitrary.MJM 021 Solved Free Assignment 2023
However, the government has not completely eased its stance on cryptocurrency, and there are ongoing discussions about the possibility of introducing a regulatory framework for cryptocurrency in India.
The government is considering the introduction of a regulatory framework that will ensure the security and transparency of cryptocurrency transactions while also preventing the use of cryptocurrency for illegal activities.
The Indian government has also taken steps to promote the use of blockchain technology, which is the underlying technology behind cryptocurrency.
The government has launched several initiatives to promote the use of blockchain technology in various sectors, including agriculture, healthcare, and supply chain management.
These initiatives aim to leverage the benefits of blockchain technology while minimizing the risks associated with cryptocurrency.
In conclusion, the concerns of the Indian government regarding the use of cryptocurrency are valid and require attention.
While cryptocurrency has the potential to revolutionize the financial system, it also poses several risks that need to be addressed.
The Indian government’s approach of regulating cryptocurrency while promoting the use of blockchain technology is a step in the right direction.
However, it is essential to ensure that the regulatory framework is transparent, effective, and does not stifle innovation.MJM 021 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Q 3. On the basis of your reading of the unit ‘Research for Journalistic Writing’, use the various methods and tools of journalistic research to write an article on the rise of start-up ecosystem in the country.
Ans. The start-up ecosystem in India has seen a significant rise in recent years, with several new companies entering the market and achieving success.
This growth in the start-up ecosystem can be attributed to several factors, including government support, access to funding, and a growing demand for innovative solutions.
The first step in researching the rise of the start-up ecosystem in India is to identify the key players in the market. MJM 021 Solved Free Assignment 2023
This can be done by conducting a thorough analysis of the top start-ups in the country, their growth trajectories, and the sectors they operate in.
This information can be gathered through a variety of sources, including industry reports, news articles, and company websites.
One of the most effective tools for researching the start-up ecosystem is data analysis. Data analysis allows journalists to uncover patterns and trends in the market that may not be immediately apparent.
For example, by analyzing data on the number of start-ups in different sectors, journalists can identify which sectors are experiencing the most growth and which are struggling.
Another tool that can be used to research the start-up ecosystem is interviews with industry experts and insiders. MJM 021 Solved Free Assignment 2023
These individuals can provide valuable insights into the factors driving the growth of the start-up ecosystem, as well as the challenges and opportunities that start-ups face in the Indian market.
Interviews can be conducted in person, over the phone, or via email, depending on the availability and preference of the interviewees.
In addition to interviews, site visits can also be a valuable tool for researching the start-up ecosystem.
Site visits allow journalists to observe start-ups in action and gain a firsthand understanding of their operations, culture, and business models.
Site visits can also provide opportunities for journalists to speak with employees and management and gather insights that may not be available through other methods.
Once the research is complete, journalists can use the information gathered to write an article on the rise of the start-up ecosystem in India.
The article should provide a comprehensive overview of the current state of the start-up ecosystem, as well as insights into the factors driving its growth and the challenges that start-ups face.MJM 021 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The article should begin with an introduction that provides an overview of the start-up ecosystem in India, including the number of start-ups, the sectors they operate in, and their overall contribution to the economy.
This information can be supported by data and statistics gathered through research.
The article can then delve into the factors driving the growth of the start-up ecosystem in India.
This may include government support, access to funding, a growing pool of skilled talent, and a supportive regulatory environment.
Each of these factors should be supported by data and quotes from experts or insiders in the industry.MJM 021 Solved Free Assignment 2023
In addition to discussing the drivers of growth, the article should also address the challenges that start-ups face in the Indian market.
These may include a lack of access to funding, difficulty in scaling up, and a highly competitive market.
The article should provide insights into how start-ups are overcoming these challenges and the strategies they are using to succeed.
Finally, the article can conclude with a discussion of the future of the start-up ecosystem in India.
This may include predictions for future growth, the emergence of new sectors, and the impact of government policies and regulations.
The article should provide a balanced view of the future of the start-up ecosystem, highlighting both the opportunities and challenges that lie ahead.
Q 4. Write a comment on encouraging rural and indigenous sports to be a part of international sports events and competitions. Cite relevant data from credible sources.
Ans. Sports have always played a significant role in bringing people together, fostering unity and promoting healthy competition.
In recent years, international sports events and competitions have gained widespread popularity, drawing athletes and spectators from around the world.
While traditional sports such as football, cricket, and basketball dominate these events, there is a growing movement to encourage rural and indigenous sports to be a part of international sports events and competitions.
Encouraging rural and indigenous sports to be a part of international sports events and competitions is important for several reasons.
Firstly, it promotes cultural diversity and helps to preserve traditional sports that are an integral part of the heritage of many communities.
Secondly, it provides a platform for athletes from these communities to showcase their talent and compete at the highest level, thereby increasing their visibility and recognition. MJM 021 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Lastly, it can also have a positive impact on the local economy by boosting tourism and promoting community development.
One of the main challenges in promoting rural and indigenous sports at the international level is the lack of infrastructure and resources.
Many of these sports require specific equipment and facilities that may not be available in every region.
Additionally, there may be a lack of funding and support for athletes from these communities, making it difficult for them to participate in international competitions.
Despite these challenges, there have been several successful examples of rural and indigenous sports being incorporated into international events.
The Olympic Games, for example, have included several traditional sports such as wrestling, archery, and weightlifting, which have their roots in rural and indigenous communities. MJM 021 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The inclusion of these sports has not only helped to preserve their cultural heritage but has also provided opportunities for athletes from these communities to showcase their talent and compete at the highest level.
In India, rural and indigenous sports have gained increased recognition in recent years.
The government has launched several initiatives to promote these sports, including the Khelo India program, which aims to develop sporting talent at the grassroots level.
As a result, several traditional sports such as kabaddi, kho-kho, and jallikattu have gained popularity and recognition.
According to a report by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, the Khelo India program has resulted in a significant increase in the number of athletes participating in rural and indigenous sports. MJM 021 Solved Free Assignment 2023
In 2018-19, over 22,000 athletes participated in the Khelo India Youth Games, with kabaddi, kho-kho, and wrestling being the most popular sports.
The report also noted that the program has helped to improve infrastructure and training facilities in rural areas, providing greater opportunities for athletes from these communities to succeed.
The success of rural and indigenous sports at the international level can also be seen in the case of the World Indigenous Games.
The World Indigenous Games, first held in Brazil in 2015, aims to promote traditional sports and cultural activities of indigenous peoples from around the world.
The event includes sports such as canoeing, archery, and spear throwing, which have their roots in indigenous communities.
The event has gained widespread recognition and has been held in several countries, including Canada, Russia, and Australia.
Q 5. Write a story on the psychological issues faced by children after being home-bound for two years due to the pandemic. Also suggest plausible solutions for the problem.
Ans. Once upon a time, there was a little girl named Sara who loved going to school, playing with her friends, and exploring new places.
However, all of that changed when the pandemic hit and the world came to a standstill. MJM 021 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Sara, like many other children, was forced to stay at home for almost two years due to the pandemic, and the experience took a toll on her mental health.
At first, Sara was excited about the idea of staying at home and spending more time with her family. She enjoyed watching movies, playing games, and baking with her mother.
However, as the months went by, she began to feel increasingly anxious and lonely. She missed her friends and the routine of going to school. She also felt frustrated with the monotony of staying at home every day.
Sara’s parents noticed that their daughter was becoming increasingly withdrawn and unhappy. MJM 021 Solved Free Assignment 2023
They tried to engage her in various activities, such as reading books, doing puzzles, and even online classes, but nothing seemed to lift her spirits. They became worried and decided to seek professional help.
They took Sara to a child psychologist who explained that the pandemic and the extended period of home confinement had caused many children to experience psychological issues such as anxiety, depression, and loneliness.
The psychologist suggested that Sara was experiencing symptoms of depression and that she needed support to manage her feelings.
The psychologist recommended various ways to help Sara cope with her mental health issues. First, they encouraged her to talk about her feelings and emotions with her parents and other trusted adults.
They also suggested that she start a journal where she could write down her thoughts and feelings.
Additionally, they recommended that Sara engage in regular exercise, eat healthy food, and get enough sleep to improve her overall well-being.
Sara’s parents also took steps to create a positive and engaging environment for their daughter. MJM 021 Solved Free Assignment 2023
They started to plan regular activities, such as game nights, movie nights, and even virtual playdates with Sara’s friends.
They also encouraged Sara to take up a new hobby, such as painting or playing an instrument.
Over time, Sara’s mental health improved, and she became more optimistic about the future.
She started to look forward to the activities that her parents planned, and she even made new friends through virtual platforms.
She became more open about her feelings and was able to express her emotions more freely.
As the world slowly started to open up, Sara was able to return to school and reconnect with her friends.
While the experience of being homebound for two years had been challenging, she had developed resilience and learned valuable lessons about managing her mental health. MJM 021 Solved Free Assignment 2023
She also appreciated the importance of staying connected with loved ones and engaging in activities that brought her joy.