GENDER SENSITIZATION; SOCIETY, CULTURE AND CHANGE
BGSE 001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
BGSE 001 Solved Free Assignment January 2023
Q 1 Explain any 5 of the following
Ans. Socialization is a process by which individuals learn and internalize the norms, values, beliefs, and behaviors of their culture or society. It is a lifelong process that begins at birth and continues throughout an individual’s life.
Socialization is a fundamental process in human society as it helps to create individuals who are capable of functioning in society and participating in social relationships.
The process of socialization begins in early childhood and is primarily influenced by the family.
The family serves as the primary agent of socialization, and it is responsible for teaching children the values, beliefs, and behaviors that are deemed acceptable in society.
The family helps to shape an individual’s personality, attitudes, and beliefs, and it is through the family that children first learn about social roles and expectations.
Schools and educational institutions also play an important role in socialization. They serve as secondary agents of socialization and provide individuals with additional knowledge and skills that are necessary for functioning in society.
Schools provide children with opportunities to interact with individuals from diverse backgrounds, which helps to shape their understanding of different cultures and social norms. BGSE 001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Schools also help to socialize individuals into the broader social structure of society by teaching them how to work within formal organizations and institutions.
Peers also play a crucial role in socialization, especially during adolescence. Adolescents are heavily influenced by their peers, and they often seek approval and acceptance from their peer group.
Peers can help individuals to develop social skills and provide emotional support, but they can also have a negative influence by encouraging negative behaviors or attitudes.
Media and technology also play a significant role in socialization in modern society. The media can shape our beliefs and attitudes by promoting certain values and norms.
Technology has also changed the way we socialize and interact with others, providing new opportunities for socialization, but also creating new challenges, such as cyberbullying and social media addiction.
The impact of socialization on individuals and society as a whole is significant. Socialization helps to create individuals who are capable of functioning in society and participating in social relationships.
It provides individuals with the skills and knowledge necessary for successful social interaction and helps to ensure social stability by promoting a shared understanding of social norms and expectations.
However, socialization can also have negative consequences. It can lead to conformity and groupthink, which can limit creativity and innovation.
Socialization can also reinforce social inequalities by perpetuating certain beliefs and values that favor dominant groups in society.
(ii) Division of Labour
Ans (ii) The division of labor refers to the allocation of specific tasks and roles among individuals or groups within a society or organization.
It is an essential component of social organization, as it allows for the efficient use of resources and the production of goods and services.
The division of labor can be traced back to the earliest human societies, where individuals would specialize in certain tasks based on their skills and abilities.
As societies became more complex and organized, the division of labor became more pronounced, with individuals and groups specializing in specific tasks, such as farming, manufacturing, and trade.BGSE 001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The benefits of the division of labor are numerous. It allows for the efficient use of resources by maximizing productivity and reducing waste.
By specializing in specific tasks, individuals and groups can develop expertise and skills that enable them to perform their tasks more efficiently and effectively.
This, in turn, leads to increased productivity, lower costs, and higher quality products and services.
The division of labor also promotes innovation and technological advancement. As individuals and groups specialize in specific tasks, they can develop new techniques and methods for performing their tasks, leading to new innovations and technological advancements.
However, the division of labor also has some drawbacks. One of the main drawbacks is that it can lead to social and economic inequality.
Those who specialize in highly valued or profitable tasks may earn more money and enjoy a higher standard of living, while those who specialize in less valued or low-paying tasks may struggle to make ends meet.
This can lead to social and economic divisions and disparities.
The division of labor can also lead to monotony and boredom. When individuals specialize in a particular task, they may perform the same task repeatedly, leading to boredom and a lack of motivation. BGSE 001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
This can lead to reduced productivity and quality, and even health problems, such as repetitive stress injuries.
The division of labor also has significant implications for society and the economy. It is a key driver of economic growth and development, as it allows for the efficient use of resources and the production of goods and services.
However, it also has significant social and economic impacts, such as inequality, poverty, and unemployment.
In modern societies, the division of labor is more complex and specialized than ever before.
In addition to traditional manufacturing and agriculture, modern economies also include service industries, such as finance, healthcare, and technology.
This has led to an even greater specialization of labor, with individuals and groups specializing in increasingly specific tasks and roles.
(iii)Forms of Marriage
Ans (iii) Marriage is a social institution that refers to the legal or religious union of two individuals as partners in a personal relationship.
Throughout history, marriage has taken on many different forms, varying in terms of cultural, religious, and legal practices.
Monogamy is the most common form of marriage, where two individuals enter into a marital union, typically for life.
In this form of marriage, both partners are committed to each other, and they are expected to be sexually exclusive.
Monogamy is the legal form of marriage in most countries and is recognized by most religious traditions.BGSE 001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Polygamy is a form of marriage where a person is married to more than one partner at the same time.
There are two types of polygamy: polygyny and polyandry. Polygyny is a form of marriage where a man is married to more than one woman at the same time, while polyandry is a form of marriage where a woman is married to more than one man at the same time.
Polygamy is illegal in most countries, although it is still practiced in some cultures and religions.
An arranged marriage is a form of marriage where the partners are selected by family members, friends, or matchmakers, rather than by the individuals themselves.
In many cultures, arranged marriages are considered the norm, and they are seen as a way of ensuring social and economic stability.
However, they are often criticized for being coercive and for not allowing the individuals to choose their own partners.
A love marriage is a form of marriage where the partners choose each other based on mutual love and affection.
Love marriages are becoming more common in modern societies, where individuals have greater freedom to choose their partners based on their own preferences.
However, love marriages are still not accepted in some cultures and religions, where arranged marriages are still the norm.BGSE 001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Same-sex marriage is a form of marriage where the partners are of the same gender. Same-sex marriage is a controversial issue, and it is only legal in a few countries around the world.
The debate over same-sex marriage is centered on issues of civil rights, religious freedom, and social norms.
Ans (iv) Surrogacy is a process by which a woman carries and gives birth to a child for another couple or individual.
The intended parents, who may be unable to conceive a child on their own, use the services of a surrogate to have a child.
Surrogacy has become an increasingly popular option for couples who struggle with infertility or same-sex couples who want to have a biological child.
Types of Surrogacy:
Traditional surrogacy involves the use of the surrogate’s egg, which is fertilized by the intended father’s sperm. The surrogate is genetically related to the child and may have legal rights to the child.
This type of surrogacy is less common due to the potential legal and emotional issues that can arise.
Gestational surrogacy involves the use of a gestational carrier who carries a fertilized embryo that has been created through in vitro fertilization (IVF) using the intended parents’ or donor eggs and sperm. BGSE 001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The surrogate has no genetic relationship to the child and is not legally considered the mother.
Legal and Ethical Implications:
Surrogacy raises several legal and ethical issues. The laws surrounding surrogacy vary widely by country and even by state or province. In some countries, surrogacy is illegal, while in others, it is strictly regulated.
In some cases, intended parents may be required to go through a lengthy and expensive legal process to establish their legal rights to the child.
Ans (v) Feminism is a social, political, and cultural movement that seeks to establish and achieve equal rights, opportunities, and treatment for women.
It aims to challenge and dismantle the patriarchal systems and structures that have historically oppressed and marginalized women.
Feminism has a rich history and has evolved over time, with various waves of the movement focusing on different issues and strategies.
Core Principles of Feminism:
Feminism seeks to achieve gender equality by challenging and changing the social norms, attitudes, and beliefs that perpetuate gender-based discrimination and inequality. BGSE 001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
This includes addressing issues such as unequal pay, unequal access to education and healthcare, and gender-based violence and harassment.
Feminism recognizes that women’s experiences of oppression and marginalization are shaped by multiple intersecting factors, such as race, class, sexuality, and ability.
Intersectionality highlights the importance of recognizing and addressing the complex ways in which these factors interact to produce and reinforce systems of oppression and inequality.
Feminism affirms women’s autonomy and agency, recognizing their ability to make choices and decisions about their lives and bodies.
This includes supporting women’s reproductive rights, as well as their right to participate fully in political, economic, and social life.
History of Feminism:
The history of feminism can be traced back to the late 19th century, with the first wave of the movement focused on securing legal rights, such as the right to vote and own property.
The second wave of feminism emerged in the 1960s and 1970s, focusing on issues such as reproductive rights, equal pay, and ending gender-based violence.
The third wave of feminism, which emerged in the 1990s and continues to the present day, focuses on issues such as intersectionality, representation, and the deconstruction of gender roles and stereotypes.
Impact of Feminism:
Feminism has had a significant impact on society, bringing about important social and political changes. Some of the key achievements of feminism include:
Feminism played a crucial role in securing women’s right to vote. The suffragette movement of the early 20th century helped to secure the right to vote for women in many countries around the world.BGSE 001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Feminism has been instrumental in securing women’s reproductive rights, including access to birth control and safe, legal abortion.
Feminism has helped to bring about greater workplace equality, with laws and policies in many countries now in place to address issues such as pay equity, maternity leave, and sexual harassment.
Feminism has raised awareness of gender-based violence and harassment, leading to greater protections for women and greater accountability for perpetrators.
Feminism has challenged gender roles and stereotypes in popular culture, leading to greater representation of women in media, arts, and other cultural spheres.
Controversies surrounding Feminism:
Despite its many achievements, feminism remains a controversial topic, with some arguing that it is no longer necessary, while others see it as a threat to traditional gender roles and societal norms.
There are also debates within the feminist movement itself, with differing opinions on issues such as sex work, pornography, and the role of men in the movement.
A) Choose any Indian movie produced in Hindi, English or regional languages based on the theme ‘Gender’ and watch the same. Describe the story of the movie
Ans. The movie I would like to suggest is called “Pink” and was released in 2016. The movie is in Hindi and directed by Aniruddha Roy Chowdhury.
It stars Amitabh Bachchan, Taapsee Pannu, Kirti Kulhari, Andrea Tariang, and Angad Bedi.BGSE 001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The movie revolves around the story of three working women, Minal, Falak, and Andrea, who live in Delhi and are falsely accused of attempting to murder a group of men who sexually harassed them.
The women are then represented in court by a retired lawyer, Deepak Sehgal, who is battling bipolar disorder.
The movie explores the issue of gender inequality and the patriarchal mindset prevalent in Indian society.
The three women in the movie face discrimination and victim-blaming at every step of their legal battle, highlighting the deep-rooted prejudices against women in Indian society.
Through the character of Deepak Sehgal, the movie also explores the issue of mental health and the stigma associated with it.
The movie depicts how Deepak Sehgal’s mental illness is used to discredit his arguments in court and how he struggles to cope with his condition while still fighting for justice for the women.
“Pink” is a movie that is particularly relevant in today’s world, where the issue of gender inequality and violence against women continues to be a major concern.
The movie not only sheds light on the problem but also highlights the need for a change in societal attitudes towards women.
The character of Deepak Sehgal, played by Amitabh Bachchan, is particularly important in the movie. BGSE 001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
As a retired lawyer struggling with bipolar disorder, he is not only fighting for the three women but also battling his own personal demons.
His character represents the struggles of many people who suffer from mental health issues and are often marginalized and discriminated against in society.
Through Deepak Sehgal’s character, the movie also highlights the importance of empathy and understanding towards people with mental health issues.
It shows how a little bit of kindness and support can go a long way in helping someone overcome their struggles and achieve their goals.
The movie’s portrayal of the legal system in India is also noteworthy. It highlights the flaws in the system and the need for reform to ensure that justice is served to all, regardless of gender, class, or social status.
The movie shows how the legal system can be used as a tool to perpetuate gender-based discrimination and how this can have severe consequences for women.
Overall, “Pink” is a powerful and thought-provoking movie that raises important questions about gender equality, victim-blaming, and mental health in Indian society. BGSE 001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
It has been critically acclaimed for its realistic portrayal of these issues and the nuanced performances of the cast.
Based on the movie you have watched, answer the following questions.
Q 1. How do they portray women and men in the movie?
Ans. In the movie “Pink,” women are portrayed as victims of gender inequality, discrimination, and violence.
The three female protagonists, Minal, Falak, and Andrea, are portrayed as working women who face harassment and assault from a group of entitled men.
They are also portrayed as strong and resilient individuals who fight back against the injustice done to them.
Men, on the other hand, are portrayed as perpetrators of violence and harassment against women. The men in the movie are shown as entitled and privileged, believing that they can get away with anything because of their gender and social status.
The movie highlights the toxic masculinity and patriarchal mindset prevalent in Indian society, which often leads to violence and discrimination against women.
However, the movie also portrays men in a positive light through the character of Deepak Sehgal, a retired lawyer who represents the three women in court.
Deepak Sehgal is portrayed as a man who empathizes with the women’s situation and fights for justice, even though he himself is battling mental health issues.
His character represents the possibility of change and the importance of men in the fight against gender inequality.BGSE 001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The portrayal of women and men in the movie “Pink” reflects the reality of gender-based violence and discrimination that women face in Indian society.
The movie challenges the traditional gender roles and stereotypes that perpetuate gender inequality and highlights the need for a societal shift towards gender equality.
The movie also shows the importance of solidarity and support among women in the face of gender-based violence.
The three women in the movie, Minal, Falak, and Andrea, support each other throughout their legal battle, and their unity is what ultimately leads to justice being served.
The movie highlights the power of women’s solidarity and the need for women to stand together to fight against the oppression and violence that they face.
Furthermore, the movie “Pink” also shows the importance of legal reform in ensuring gender equality and justice for women.
The movie portrays the legal system as flawed and biased towards men, highlighting the need for change in the system to ensure that women receive equal treatment under the law.
The movie sends a powerful message about the need for legal reform and the importance of ensuring that the legal system is just and fair for all.
Overall, the movie “Pink” portrays women as victims of gender-based discrimination and violence, while men are portrayed as both perpetrators and allies in the fight for gender equality.BGSE 001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Q 2. Are these movies promoting stereotypes? If yes, list the stereotypes shown in the movie.
Ans. “Pink,” the movie does not promote stereotypes. In fact, it challenges traditional gender roles and stereotypes that perpetuate gender inequality in Indian society.
The movie portrays women as strong and resilient individuals who fight back against injustice, challenging the stereotype of women as weak and submissive.
The male characters, on the other hand, are portrayed as both perpetrators and allies in the fight for gender equality, challenging the stereotype of men as the sole oppressors of women.
In general, movies can both promote and challenge stereotypes, depending on how they are written, directed, and produced.
Some movies may perpetuate gender stereotypes, such as the portrayal of women as overly emotional or irrational, or men as strong and aggressive.
These stereotypes can reinforce harmful gender norms and contribute to the perpetuation of gender inequality.
However, some movies can also challenge stereotypes and promote gender equality. For example, movies that portray women as strong and capable leaders, or men as sensitive and caring, can challenge traditional gender roles and promote greater gender equality.BGSE 001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
It is important to note that movies are not the only source of stereotypes and gender norms in society. Gender stereotypes are also perpetuated through media, advertising, and socialization in families and communities.
Therefore, it is important to recognize and challenge harmful gender stereotypes wherever they occur and work towards greater gender equality and justice for all.
Overall, the movie “Pink” is a powerful commentary on gender-based violence and discrimination in Indian society and challenges traditional gender roles and stereotypes.
It promotes the message of gender equality and the need for a societal shift towards greater gender equality and justice for women.
Q 3. Do you see any relationship between movie and gender stereotyping in the society? Provide justification.
Ans. Yes, there is a relationship between movies and gender stereotyping in society. Movies, as a form of media and entertainment, play a significant role in shaping people’s attitudes and perceptions towards gender and gender roles.
The way movies portray women and men can influence how people perceive and interact with each other in real life.
Movies that perpetuate harmful gender stereotypes can contribute to the normalization of gender inequality in society.
For example, movies that portray women as passive and submissive can contribute to the idea that women should be subservient to men and not take on leadership roles. BGSE 001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Similarly, movies that portray men as aggressive and dominant can contribute to the idea that men should be dominant and not show emotion or vulnerability.
On the other hand, movies that challenge gender stereotypes can contribute to the promotion of greater gender equality and diversity in society.
Movies that portray women as strong and capable leaders or men as sensitive and caring can challenge traditional gender roles and contribute to a more inclusive and accepting society.
Therefore, movies have the power to shape societal attitudes towards gender and contribute to the perpetuation or challenging of gender stereotypes.
It is important for filmmakers to be mindful of the messages they are sending through their movies and to use their platform to promote greater gender equality and inclusivity in society.
Q 4. What should the government do to bring more gender sensitivity in the society
Ans. Gender sensitivity is the awareness and understanding of the issues and challenges faced by individuals of different genders, and the recognition of the importance of gender equality and justice.
Achieving gender sensitivity in society is essential for creating a more inclusive, equal, and just society. Here are some measures that the government can take to bring more gender sensitivity in society:
Education and awareness-raising: One of the most important steps that the government can take is to ensure that gender sensitivity is integrated into the education system. BGSE 001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
This could include the inclusion of gender studies in school curriculums, teacher training programs, and awareness-raising campaigns.
By providing students and teachers with the tools to understand and appreciate the importance of gender sensitivity, the government can help to create a more informed and empathetic society.
Legal reforms: The government can also take steps to ensure that the legal system is more sensitive to gender issues.
This could include the introduction of laws and policies that protect the rights of women and other marginalized genders, such as transgender individuals.
The government can also work to ensure that the justice system is more responsive to gender-based violence and discrimination, and that perpetrators are held accountable for their actions.
Gender-sensitive policies and programs: The government can also ensure that its policies and programs are gender-sensitive.
This could include the introduction of gender quotas in political and business leadership positions, the provision of gender-sensitive healthcare services, and the implementation of policies that promote work-life balance for men and women.
By ensuring that its policies and programs are designed with gender sensitivity in mind, the government can help to promote greater gender equality and justice.
Gender-sensitive media: The government can also play a role in ensuring that the media is more gender-sensitive.
This could include the introduction of guidelines for media outlets that promote gender sensitivity and the provision of training programs for journalists and media professionals.
By promoting greater gender sensitivity in the media, the government can help to challenge harmful gender stereotypes and promote a more inclusive and diverse society.BGSE 001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Support for gender equality organizations: Finally, the government can provide support for organizations that work towards gender equality and justice.
This could include funding for NGOs and civil society organizations that focus on gender issues, as well as the provision of resources and support for grassroots initiatives.
By supporting gender equality organizations, the government can help to promote greater awareness and understanding of gender issues and work towards a more equitable and just society.
In addition to the measures mentioned above, the government can also work to address cultural norms and attitudes that perpetuate gender stereotypes and discrimination.
This could include working with religious leaders, community organizations, and other stakeholders to promote more inclusive and equitable cultural norms.
The government can also work to promote greater gender diversity and representation in decision-making positions, such as in politics, business, and academia.
This could include introducing gender quotas or affirmative action policies to ensure that women and other marginalized genders have equal access to leadership positions.
Another important step that the government can take is to address the issue of gender-based violence.
This could include the introduction of laws and policies that criminalize all forms of violence against women and other marginalized genders, as well as the provision of support services for survivors of gender-based violence.
Moreover, the government can also work to address economic inequalities between men and women. BGSE 001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
This could include the introduction of policies that promote equal pay for equal work, the provision of childcare services, and the promotion of women’s entrepreneurship and access to finance.
Lastly, the government can work to ensure that gender sensitivity is integrated into all aspects of policymaking and decision-making.
This could include the establishment of gender units in government ministries and agencies, as well as the provision of gender training for all government officials and employees.
In conclusion, achieving greater gender sensitivity in society is a complex and multifaceted process that requires the participation and cooperation of multiple stakeholders, including the government, civil society, and the private sector.
By working towards greater gender sensitivity, we can create a more inclusive, equal, and just society for all.BGSE 001 Solved Free Assignment 2023