ICT in Education
BESE 141Solved Free Assignment 2023
BESE 141 Solved Free Assignment January 2023
Q 1. Explain the various components of a computer. Also differentiate between system software and application software by giving examples.
Ans. A computer is a complex system made up of various components that work together to perform tasks and processes. These components can be divided into two main categories: hardware and software.
Central Processing Unit (CPU): This is the brain of the computer, responsible for executing instructions and performing calculations.
It consists of a chip with a number of cores, each capable of processing instructions simultaneously.
Random Access Memory (RAM): RAM is the temporary storage area where the computer stores data and programs that are currently in use.
It is volatile memory, meaning it loses its contents when the computer is turned off.
Hard Disk Drive (HDD) or Solid State Drive (SSD): This is the permanent storage area where the computer stores data and programs that are not currently in use. An HDD uses spinning disks to read and write data, while an SSD uses memory chips.
Motherboard: This is the main circuit board that connects all the other components together. It contains slots for connecting the CPU, RAM, storage devices, and other peripherals. BESE 141 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Power Supply Unit (PSU): This supplies power to the other components of the computer. It converts the AC power from the wall outlet into DC power that the computer can use.
Graphics Processing Unit (GPU): This is responsible for rendering images and video on the computer’s display. It is particularly important for tasks that require high-quality graphics, such as gaming or video editing.
Input and Output Devices: These devices allow the user to interact with the computer. Common input devices include keyboards, mice, and touchscreens, while output devices include displays, printers, and speakers.
System Software: This is the software that runs the computer itself, controlling hardware components and providing essential services such as security and file management. BESE 141 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Examples of system software include operating systems like Windows, macOS, and Linux, as well as device drivers and utility programs.
Application Software: This is the software that performs specific tasks and processes, such as word processing, video editing, and gaming.
Examples of application software include Microsoft Office, Adobe Creative Suite, and popular video games.
System software and application software differ in their purpose and functionality. System software is responsible for managing the computer’s hardware and providing essential services, while application software is designed to perform specific tasks and processes for the user.
System software is often pre-installed on the computer and runs in the background, while application software must be installed by the user and is only active when the user runs it.
The CPU is often referred to as the “brain” of the computer because it is responsible for executing instructions and performing calculations.
It is made up of a chip with a number of cores, each of which is capable of processing instructions simultaneously. BESE 141 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The clock speed of the CPU is measured in gigahertz (GHz) and determines how many instructions the CPU can process per second.
A faster clock speed generally means better performance, but other factors such as the number of cores, cache size, and architecture can also impact performance.
RAM, or random access memory, is the temporary storage area where the computer stores data and programs that are currently in use.
RAM is volatile memory, meaning it loses its contents when the computer is turned off.
The amount of RAM a computer has can impact its performance, as more RAM allows the computer to store and access more data and programs at once.
The hard disk drive (HDD) or solid-state drive (SSD) is the permanent storage area where the computer stores data and programs that are not currently in use.
An HDD uses spinning disks to read and write data, while an SSD uses memory chips. SSDs are generally faster and more reliable than HDDs, but also more expensive.
The amount of storage a computer has can impact its ability to store files and programs, with larger storage capacities allowing for more data and programs to be stored.BESE 141 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The motherboard is the main circuit board that connects all the other components together. It contains slots for connecting the CPU, RAM, storage devices, and other peripherals.
The chipset on the motherboard determines what features are available, such as the number of USB ports and the maximum amount of RAM supported.
Upgrading the motherboard can be complex and expensive, and is generally only done when necessary to support newer components.
The power supply unit (PSU) supplies power to the other components of the computer. It converts the AC power from the wall outlet into DC power that the computer can use.
The wattage of the PSU determines how much power it can supply to the other components.
Insufficient power can lead to stability issues and even hardware damage, while too much power can be wasteful and inefficient.
The graphics processing unit (GPU) is responsible for rendering images and video on the computer’s display.
It is particularly important for tasks that require high-quality graphics, such as gaming or video editing.
The GPU has its own dedicated memory, called video RAM or VRAM, which is used to store and access graphics data quickly.
Some CPUs also have integrated graphics, but these are generally not as powerful as dedicated GPUs.BESE 141 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Finally, input and output devices allow the user to interact with the computer. Common input devices include keyboards, mice, and touchscreens, while output devices include displays, printers, and speakers.
These devices are essential for using and controlling the computer, and can vary widely in terms of functionality and features.
Q 2. What do you mean by Open educational resources (OERs)? How are OERs developed?
Ans. Open educational resources (OERs) are educational materials that are freely available and openly licensed, allowing for their use, modification, and distribution without cost or copyright restrictions.
OERs can include textbooks, lesson plans, lecture notes, videos, images, and more, and are often made available online.
OERs are developed by educators, subject matter experts, and other contributors who create and share their work openly.
This can be done through a variety of means, including online repositories, websites, and platforms specifically designed for sharing OERs.
Often, OERs are created using open source software or other freely available tools, allowing for collaboration and reuse.
There are a number of benefits to using OERs in education. Because they are freely available, they can help to reduce costs for students and make education more accessible.
OERs can also be customized and adapted to meet the needs of individual learners or specific learning environments, and can be translated into multiple languages.
Additionally, because they are openly licensed, OERs can encourage collaboration and sharing among educators, leading to a more robust and innovative educational ecosystem.BESE 141 Solved Free Assignment 2023
However, there are also some challenges associated with using OERs. Because they are often created by individuals or small groups, quality and accuracy can vary widely.
Additionally, because OERs are freely available, there may be a lack of incentive for creators to continue developing and updating them over time.
Finally, there can be legal and technical challenges associated with using and sharing OERs, particularly across different jurisdictions and platforms.
Despite these challenges, there has been a growing movement towards the use of OERs in education, with many educators and institutions embracing them as a way to improve access, equity, and innovation in education.
As the field of OERs continues to evolve, it will be important to address these challenges and work towards creating a more robust and sustainable ecosystem for open education.
The development and use of OERs is often supported by organizations and initiatives that promote open education, such as the Open Education Consortium and Creative Commons.
These groups provide resources, tools, and guidelines for creating, sharing, and using OERs, as well as advocating for policies that support open education.
One common approach to developing OERs is through the use of open licenses, such as Creative Commons licenses, which allow creators to specify the terms under which their work can be used, modified, and shared.
This allows for greater flexibility and reuse of educational materials, as well as ensuring that creators receive appropriate attribution for their work.
Another approach to developing OERs is through the use of open source software and tools. BESE 141 Solved Free Assignment 2023
This allows for collaboration and innovation among developers, and ensures that the resulting educational materials are freely available and can be customized and adapted to meet the needs of individual learners and educators.
As OERs continue to gain popularity, there is a growing movement towards the development of open educational practices (OEPs), which involve the use of OERs in conjunction with other open practices, such as open pedagogy and open assessment.
This approach emphasizes collaboration, innovation, and learner-centeredness, and has the potential to transform traditional approaches to teaching and learning.
In conclusion, Open educational resources (OERs) are educational materials that are freely available and openly licensed, allowing for their use, modification, and distribution without cost or copyright restrictions.
OERs can include textbooks, lesson plans, lecture notes, videos, images, and more.
OERs are developed by educators, subject matter experts, and other contributors who create and share their work openly through various means such as online repositories, websites, and platforms specifically designed for sharing OERs.
The use of OERs in education can reduce costs, increase access and equity, and encourage collaboration and innovation.
However, there are also challenges associated with OERs, including quality control and legal and technical issues.
Organizations and initiatives such as the Open Education Consortium and Creative Commons support the development and use of OERs, and there is a growing movement towards the development of open educational practices (OEPs), which involve the use of OERs in conjunction with other open practices to transform traditional approaches to teaching and learning.
Q 3. Discuss the instructional delivery in Open and Distance Learning (ODL).
Ans. Open and Distance Learning (ODL) is a mode of education that allows learners to study from a remote location, using various instructional delivery methods.
Instructional delivery in ODL differs from traditional classroom-based instruction and can involve a range of media and technologies to support learning.
Here are some of the common instructional delivery methods used in ODL:
Print materials: Printed materials such as textbooks, course guides, and workbooks are often used in ODL. BESE 141 Solved Free Assignment 2023
These materials are usually designed to be self-contained, with instructions, examples, and exercises that allow learners to work independently.
Audio recordings: Audio recordings such as podcasts, radio broadcasts, and cassette tapes can be used in ODL to provide learners with information, feedback, and instruction.
Audio recordings are particularly useful for learners who are visually impaired or who prefer to learn through auditory channels.
Video recordings: Video recordings such as lectures, demonstrations, and simulations can be used in ODL to provide learners with visual and auditory instruction.
Videos are often used to supplement print materials and can be viewed on a computer, tablet, or smartphone.
Online learning platforms: Online learning platforms such as Moodle, Blackboard, and Coursera can be used to deliver instructional materials, provide feedback, and facilitate communication between learners and instructors.
These platforms often include features such as discussion forums, chat rooms, and video conferencing.BESE 141 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Webinars: Webinars are live, online presentations that allow learners to interact with instructors in real-time. Webinars are often used to provide instruction on a specific topic, answer questions, or provide feedback.
Mobile learning: Mobile learning involves the use of mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets to deliver instructional materials.
Mobile learning allows learners to access course materials and communicate with instructors and peers from anywhere at any time.
Interactive multimedia: Interactive multimedia such as games, simulations, and virtual reality can be used in ODL to engage learners and provide hands-on instruction.
These tools can be particularly effective for learners who prefer a more experiential approach to learning.
Instructional delivery in ODL requires careful planning and design to ensure that learners have access to high-quality materials and instruction.
ODL programs must also provide support services such as tutoring, counseling, and technical support to ensure that learners can overcome barriers to learning and succeed in their studies.
Effective instructional delivery in ODL requires consideration of various factors, including the learning objectives, the target audience, and the available resources.
ODL programs must be designed to be flexible and adaptable to the diverse needs and learning styles of learners. BESE 141 Solved Free Assignment 2023
They must also incorporate regular assessments and feedback mechanisms to help learners track their progress and identify areas for improvement.
One of the biggest challenges of instructional delivery in ODL is maintaining learner engagement and motivation.
Without the structure and social support of a traditional classroom, learners can easily become disengaged and drop out.
To address this challenge, ODL programs should incorporate interactive and collaborative activities, regular communication between learners and instructors, and opportunities for peer-to-peer learning and support.
Q 4. Discuss the role of ICTs in lifelong learning by citing suitable examples.
Ans. Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have had a profound impact on lifelong learning, making education more accessible, flexible, and personalized.
ICTs refer to a wide range of digital technologies, including computers, mobile devices, the internet, and software applications that are used to create, process, and share information.
Online learning platforms: Online learning platforms such as Coursera, Udemy, and edX have transformed the way we learn.
These platforms offer a wide range of courses on various subjects that learners can take at their own pace, from anywhere in the world.
Online learning platforms use various tools such as videos, quizzes, and discussion forums to create engaging and interactive learning experiences.
These platforms have made it possible for people to learn new skills, pursue new interests, and even earn degrees and certifications, all from the comfort of their homes.BESE 141 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Mobile learning: Mobile learning refers to the use of mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets to support learning.
Mobile learning allows learners to access educational content and resources from anywhere, at any time.
Mobile learning apps such as Duolingo, Khan Academy, and TED have made it possible for learners to study on-the-go, during their commutes, or in their free time.
Mobile learning is particularly useful for learners who have limited access to traditional learning resources, such as those living in remote areas or those with physical disabilities.
Social media: Social media platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn have become important tools for lifelong learning.
These platforms allow learners to connect with peers and experts in their fields, share information and resources, and participate in online discussions.
Social media platforms also offer opportunities for informal learning, where learners can explore new ideas and topics that interest them.
Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs): MOOCs are online courses that are available to anyone, anywhere, at any time. BESE 141 Solved Free Assignment 2023
MOOCs are typically free, and they use various technologies to deliver high-quality learning experiences to large numbers of learners.
MOOCs have the potential to democratize education, making it possible for anyone with an internet connection to access high-quality courses from top universities and institutions around the world.
MOOCs can be particularly useful for lifelong learners who want to pursue advanced degrees or certifications.
E-learning platforms: E-learning platforms are digital tools that allow learners to access educational content and resources online.
E-learning platforms can be used to deliver self-paced courses, webinars, or other types of learning materials.
E-learning platforms can also provide tools for assessment and feedback, allowing learners to track their progress and identify areas for improvement.
E-learning platforms have become an important tool for lifelong learning, offering learners a flexible and personalized learning experience.
Q 5. Explain the ADDIE model of instructional design.
Ans. The ADDIE model is a popular instructional design framework used to create effective and efficient training programs. ADDIE stands for Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation.
The ADDIE model is a cyclical process, where each stage informs the next, and continuous evaluation and improvement are critical for success.
Analysis: The first stage of the ADDIE model is Analysis, which involves identifying the learning needs and goals of the target audience.
In this stage, instructional designers gather data and conduct a needs analysis to determine what the learners already know, what they need to learn, and what they hope to achieve. BESE 141 Solved Free Assignment 2023
This stage also involves identifying any constraints, such as time, resources, or technology, that may affect the design and development of the training program.
Design: The second stage of the ADDIE model is Design, which involves developing a detailed plan for the training program.
In this stage, instructional designers create a blueprint of the training program, including learning objectives, instructional strategies, assessment methods, and the overall structure and sequence of the program.
The design stage also involves developing a storyboard, which outlines the content and flow of the program.
Development: The third stage of the ADDIE model is Development, which involves creating the actual training materials.
In this stage, instructional designers develop the learning content, such as instructional materials, exercises, assessments, and multimedia resources.
The development stage also involves testing and refining the training materials to ensure that they meet the learning objectives and are engaging and effective.
Implementation: The fourth stage of the ADDIE model is Implementation, which involves delivering the training program to the learners.
In this stage, instructional designers deliver the training program through various delivery methods, such as in-person training sessions, online courses, or blended learning programs. BESE 141 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The implementation stage also involves providing support and resources to learners, such as technical assistance, coaching, or mentoring.
Evaluation: The final stage of the ADDIE model is Evaluation, which involves assessing the effectiveness of the training program.
In this stage, instructional designers collect data and feedback from learners and stakeholders to evaluate the learning outcomes and impact of the training program.
The evaluation stage also involves analyzing the results and identifying areas for improvement, so that the training program can be revised and improved for future learners.
The ADDIE model of instructional design provides a flexible and adaptable framework for creating effective training programs.
The cyclical nature of the model allows for continuous evaluation and improvement, ensuring that the training program remains relevant and effective over time.
The ADDIE model also emphasizes the importance of analyzing the learning needs and goals of the target audience, which is critical for creating training programs that are engaging and effective.
Q 6. Explain the steps followed in the development of video programmes.
Ans. The development of video programs involves a structured process that includes several steps. BESE 141 Solved Free Assignment 2023
This process ensures that the final product is of high quality and meets the needs of the target audience.
Pre-production: The first step in the development of video programs is pre-production. This involves planning and preparation for the video shoot. In this stage, the concept, script, and storyboard are developed.
The concept is the main idea behind the video program, while the script is the written dialogue that will be used in the program.
The storyboard is a visual representation of the video program that shows the sequence of events.
Production: The next step is production, which involves the actual filming of the video program. In this stage, the video crew sets up the equipment, such as cameras, lighting, and sound equipment.
The actors are then directed to perform their roles while the crew captures the footage.
The production stage also involves capturing b-roll footage, which is additional footage that will be used to support the main footage in the final program.
Post-production: After the filming is complete, the post-production stage begins. This involves editing the footage to create the final program.
In this stage, the footage is reviewed, and the best takes are selected. The footage is then edited together, and additional visual and audio effects are added to enhance the program. BESE 141 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Review: Once the video program is complete, it is reviewed by the production team and other stakeholders.
This stage is critical to ensure that the final program meets the objectives of the project and is of high quality. Any necessary changes are made during this stage.
Distribution: The final stage of the development of video programs is distribution. This involves getting the program to the target audience.
The distribution can be done through various channels, such as television, the internet, or DVDs.
The distribution strategy should be carefully planned to ensure that the program reaches the target audience and achieves its objectives.
In addition to the steps outlined above, there are several factors that should be considered in the development of video programs. These include:
Audience: The target audience should be carefully considered when developing video programs. The content, style, and tone of the program should be appropriate for the audience.
Budget: The budget should be considered throughout the development process. The production team should ensure that the program is created within the allocated budget.
Equipment: The equipment used to create the program should be of high quality and appropriate for the project.
The production team should ensure that they have the necessary equipment to capture high-quality footage and audio.
Script and storyboard: The script and storyboard should be carefully developed to ensure that they are clear and engaging.
This will help to ensure that the final program is of high quality and meets the objectives of the project. BESE 141 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Q 7. Discuss the factors influencing ICT integration.
Ans. ICT (Information and Communication Technology) integration is the use of technology to enhance teaching and learning in education.
The integration of ICT into education has been shown to improve student engagement, motivation, and learning outcomes.
However, there are several factors that influence the integration of ICT in education. In this essay, we will discuss the factors influencing ICT integration.
Infrastructure: The availability and quality of ICT infrastructure is a significant factor in ICT integration. This includes the availability of computers, internet access, and other ICT devices such as tablets and projectors.
If the infrastructure is poor or lacking, it can be difficult to implement ICT integration effectively. BESE 141 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Teacher training: Another significant factor in ICT integration is teacher training. Teachers need to be trained in the use of ICT devices and software to be able to integrate them effectively into their teaching.
The training should be ongoing, as technology is continually evolving, and new tools and software are being developed.
Support from school management: Support from school management is essential for effective ICT integration.
This includes providing funding for technology, ensuring that the infrastructure is up-to-date, and providing training and support for teachers.
Attitudes and beliefs of teachers: The attitudes and beliefs of teachers towards ICT integration can influence its success.
Some teachers may be resistant to using technology in the classroom, while others may embrace it. It is important to address any negative attitudes and beliefs through training and support.
Access to resources: Access to resources, such as online content and software, can influence the success of ICT integration.
Teachers need access to resources that are relevant to their teaching and support their use of technology in the classroom.
Curriculum and assessment: The curriculum and assessment methods used in education can influence ICT integration.
If the curriculum is designed to include technology, and assessment methods are designed to assess ICT skills, it can encourage teachers to use technology in their teaching. BESE 141 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Q 8. What do you mean by learning analytics? List a few ICT tools used for learning analytics.
Ans. Learning analytics is the process of collecting and analyzing data from various sources to gain insights into student learning and improve educational outcomes.
Learning analytics can be used to identify students who are at risk of failing, track student progress, and personalize learning experiences.
Learning analytics involves collecting data from various sources, such as student assessments, learning management systems, and online course platforms.
The data is then analyzed using statistical and machine learning techniques to gain insights into student learning.
Learning analytics can provide information about how students are engaging with course materials, what areas they are struggling with, and how they are progressing through a course.
There are several ICT tools used for learning analytics, including:
Learning management systems (LMS): LMSs are used to manage and deliver course content online. LMSs can track student progress, provide real-time feedback, and generate reports on student performance.
Student response systems (SRS): SRSs, also known as classroom response systems or clickers, are used to collect real-time data from students during class. SRSs can be used to assess student understanding and engagement.
Educational data mining (EDM): EDM is a research area that focuses on developing techniques for analyzing large educational datasets. EDM can be used to identify patterns and trends in student data. BESE 141 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Adaptive learning platforms: Adaptive learning platforms use data analytics to personalize the learning experience for students.
These platforms use data about student performance to provide personalized content and support.
Social network analysis (SNA): SNA is a technique used to analyze social networks, such as online discussion forums.
SNA can be used to identify influential students, track student engagement, and measure the impact of online discussions on student learning.