Writing and Study Skills
BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment Jan 2023
Q 1. How are new words formed through affixation and compounding? Give examples of both.
Ans. New words can be formed through affixation and compounding, which are two common processes in word formation.
Affixation involves adding prefixes or suffixes to existing words to create new words. Here are some examples:
Prefixation: The prefix “un-” is added to the word “happy” to form the new word “unhappy,” meaning not happy.
Suffixation: The suffix “-er” is added to the word “write” to form the new word “writer,” referring to a person who writes.
Both prefixation and suffixation: The prefix “re-” and the suffix “-ing” are added to the word “do” to create the new word “redoing,” meaning doing again.
Compounding involves combining two or more complete words to create a new word with a different meaning. Here are some examples:
Butterfly: This word is formed by combining “butter” and “fly” to describe a type of insect. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Raincoat: It combines “rain” and “coat” to refer to a coat specifically designed to protect against rain.
Football: It combines “foot” and “ball” to describe a sport where players kick a ball with their feet.
Through these processes, affixation and compounding contribute to the expansion of vocabulary by creating new words with distinct meanings.
Q 2. Describe the various steps involved in the process approach to writing.
Ans. The process approach to writing is a method that emphasizes the different stages and activities involved in the writing process.
It recognizes that writing is a recursive and dynamic process that requires planning, drafting, revising, and editing. Here are the various steps involved in the process approach to writing: BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Prewriting: This initial stage involves brainstorming, gathering ideas, and planning the writing task. Writers may engage in techniques like freewriting, mind mapping, or outlining to generate and organize their thoughts.
Prewriting helps in clarifying the purpose, audience, and main ideas of the piece.
Drafting: In this stage, writers put their ideas into written form. They focus on getting their thoughts down on paper without being overly concerned with grammar, spelling, or style.
The emphasis is on capturing the content and developing the structure of the writing piece. Writers often write multiple drafts to refine their ideas and improve the organization.
Revising: Once the initial draft is completed, writers review and revise their work. They evaluate the content, coherence, and effectiveness of their writing.
Revision involves making changes to improve clarity, coherence, logical flow, and overall quality. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Writers may reorganize paragraphs, add or delete information, refine sentences, or enhance the language to strengthen their writing.
Editing: This stage focuses on correcting grammatical, spelling, punctuation, and formatting errors. Writers carefully proofread their work to eliminate mistakes and ensure correctness.
They also check for consistency in language usage, verb tenses, pronoun references, and sentence structure. Editing aims to improve the mechanics and polish the writing piece.
Feedback and Peer Review: It is beneficial for writers to receive feedback from others. They may share their work with peers, teachers, or writing groups to get different perspectives.
Feedback helps identify strengths and areas for improvement in the writing. Peer review allows writers to receive constructive criticism, suggestions, and support, enabling them to refine their work further.
Finalizing: After incorporating feedback and making necessary revisions, writers finalize their work. They carefully proofread and polish the piece, ensuring it meets the requirements and standards set for the writing task.
This includes formatting the document, checking citations or references, and making any last-minute improvements.
Publishing and Sharing: The last step involves sharing the completed piece with the intended audience. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
This may involve submitting the writing for assessment, presenting it in a public forum, or publishing it in print or digital formats. Sharing allows writers to showcase their work and receive recognition for their efforts.
It is important to note that the process approach to writing is not strictly linear. Writers often move back and forth between the different stages, revisiting and revising their work as they gain new insights.
The process is recursive and flexible, allowing writers to refine their ideas and express them effectively.
By following the steps of the process approach to writing, writers can develop their skills, produce well-structured and coherent texts, and improve their overall writing proficiency.
Q 3. Explain with suitable examples, how diagrams can be used to organize notes.
Ans. Diagrams are visual representations that can effectively organize notes and help in understanding and retaining information. Here are some examples of how diagrams can be used to organize notes:
Mind Maps: Mind maps are hierarchical diagrams that start with a central concept or topic and branch out into subtopics and related ideas. They are useful for brainstorming and organizing information in a visually appealing manner.
For instance, when taking notes on a book, the central concept can be the title, and branches can represent different chapters or themes.
Sub-branches can then capture important points or supporting details within each chapter. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Flowcharts: Flowcharts use symbols and arrows to represent the sequence and flow of steps or processes. They are beneficial for note-taking when describing a series of interconnected actions or decision-making processes.
For example, when studying a scientific experiment, a flowchart can be used to illustrate the steps involved, such as hypothesis formulation, data collection, analysis, and conclusion.
Venn Diagrams: Venn diagrams consist of overlapping circles and are used to compare and contrast information. They are helpful when organizing notes that involve categorization or identifying relationships between concepts.
For instance, when studying different literary genres, a Venn diagram can be used to analyze the similarities and differences between two or more genres, identifying common elements and unique characteristics.
Concept Maps: Concept maps visually represent relationships between concepts or ideas through nodes and connecting lines. They are useful for summarizing and organizing complex information.
For instance, when studying a historical event, a concept map can show the causes, key players, outcomes, and related events, providing a comprehensive overview of the topic. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Tree Diagrams: Tree diagrams are hierarchical structures that organize information in a branching structure, similar to a family tree. They are effective for representing hierarchical relationships, classifying information, or organizing nested concepts.
For example, when studying a biological classification system, a tree diagram can illustrate the hierarchy of kingdoms, phyla, classes, orders, families, and species.
Tables and Charts: Tables and charts provide a structured format to organize data, facts, or comparisons systematically. They are useful for note-taking when dealing with numerical or statistical information.
For instance, when summarizing the results of a survey, a table can be used to display data in rows and columns, making it easy to compare responses or analyze trends.
These examples demonstrate how diagrams can visually organize notes, making complex information more accessible and facilitating comprehension and retention.
By leveraging the power of visual representation, diagrams enhance the note-taking process and provide a clear and concise overview of the information being studied.
Q 4. What aspects should be considered while writing a process analysis?
Ans. When writing a process analysis, several aspects should be considered to ensure clarity, coherence, and effectiveness. Here are the key aspects to consider:
Purpose and Audience: Clarify the purpose of the process analysis. Are you providing instructions for a specific task, explaining a complex process, or offering guidance on a particular topic? Identify the target audience and their level of knowledge and familiarity with the subject. Tailor your writing style, language, and level of detail accordingly. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Clear and Concise Language: Use clear, concise, and straightforward language to describe each step of the process. Avoid jargon or technical terms unless they are necessary and explained adequately. Write in a manner that is easily understandable for your intended audience.
Organization and Structure: Organize the process analysis in a logical and sequential manner. Break down the process into clear steps and present them in a coherent order.
Use headings, subheadings, or numbering to indicate the progression of the process. Consider using visual aids like bullet points or numbered lists to enhance readability.
Introduction and Context: Provide an introduction that gives an overview of the process and its significance.
Briefly explain why the process is important, its benefits, or any potential challenges that readers may encounter. Establish context and set expectations for the reader regarding what they will achieve by following the process.
Step-by-Step Explanation: Present each step of the process in a clear and detailed manner. Start each step with a concise heading or subheading.
Provide sufficient information, including any necessary materials, tools, or prerequisites for each step. Use a combination of descriptive text, illustrations, or diagrams to help readers understand and visualize each step effectively.
Transition and Cohesion: Ensure smooth transitions between steps to maintain the flow of the process analysis. Use appropriate transition words or phrases to connect one step to the next. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Make sure there is a logical progression and that each step builds upon the previous one. Check for consistency in terminology and ensure that instructions are cohesive and coherent.
Visual Aids and Examples: Consider incorporating visual aids, such as diagrams, illustrations, or photographs, to enhance the understanding of the process.
Visuals can provide additional clarity and make the instructions more accessible. Use relevant examples or scenarios to illustrate the steps and potential outcomes of the process.
Troubleshooting and Tips: Anticipate any common issues or challenges that readers may encounter while following the process.
Offer troubleshooting tips, alternative approaches, or solutions to overcome these challenges. Provide practical advice or suggestions based on your expertise or experience with the process. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Conclusion: Conclude the process analysis by summarizing the main steps and emphasizing the desired outcome or result.
Reinforce the importance of following the process correctly and offer any final tips or recommendations. Encourage readers to take action and apply the knowledge gained from the process analysis.
Review and Revision: After completing the initial draft, review the process analysis for clarity, coherence, and accuracy. Ensure that the instructions are complete, accurate, and well-organized.
Revise and edit the content, paying attention to grammar, punctuation, and spelling errors. Consider seeking feedback from others to ensure the effectiveness and comprehensibility of the process analysis.
Q 5. How can cohesive devices be used to bring about coherence in a paragraph? Give suitable examples.
Ans. Cohesive devices play a crucial role in creating coherence within a paragraph by connecting ideas, sentences, and paragraphs together.
They help readers understand the logical flow and relationships between different parts of the text. Here are some examples of cohesive devices and how they contribute to coherence: BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Pronouns: Pronouns such as “he,” “she,” “it,” “they,” and “this” refer back to previously mentioned nouns, reducing repetition and providing a smooth flow. For example: “John went to the store. He bought some groceries.”
Demonstrative Pronouns: Demonstrative pronouns like “this,” “that,” “these,” and “those” refer to specific objects or ideas, helping readers understand the reference. For example: “This book provides valuable insights into the topic.”
Connectives/Conjunctions: Connectives and conjunctions like “and,” “but,” “or,” “however,” “therefore,” “in addition,” “on the other hand,” and “as a result” link ideas and indicate the relationship between them.
For example: “I wanted to go to the beach, but it started raining.”
Transitional Words and Phrases: Transitional words and phrases such as “first,” “next,” “in conclusion,” “for example,” “furthermore,” “in contrast,” and “on the contrary” signal the sequence, cause and effect, comparison, or contrast between ideas.
For example: “First, we need to gather all the necessary ingredients. Next, we mix them together.” BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Repetition: Repetition of key words or phrases emphasizes important ideas and reinforces the connection between sentences or paragraphs.
For example: “Education is the key to success. With a good education, you can achieve your goals.”
Q 1. What strategies would you adopt to become a critical reader?
Ans. To become a critical reader, you can adopt several strategies that will help you analyze, evaluate, and engage with the text in a thoughtful and discerning manner. Here are some strategies to consider:
Active Reading: Actively engage with the text by asking questions, making predictions, and reflecting on the content as you read.
Take notes, highlight key points, and underline important passages to enhance your understanding and retention of the material.
Analyze the Author’s Purpose and Bias: Consider the author’s purpose, intention, and perspective. Assess whether the author is trying to inform, persuade, entertain, or present a particular viewpoint.
Be aware of any potential bias or hidden agenda in the writing and critically evaluate the evidence and arguments presented.
Evaluate the Credibility of the Source: Assess the credibility and expertise of the author or the publication. Look for information about the author’s qualifications, affiliations, and sources of evidence.
Consider whether the source is reliable, unbiased, and based on reputable research or evidence. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Consider Multiple Perspectives: Seek out diverse viewpoints and sources of information on the topic. Compare and contrast different arguments and interpretations to develop a well-rounded understanding.
This helps you avoid relying solely on one perspective and encourages critical thinking and analysis.
Identify Assumptions and Logical Fallacies: Pay attention to the assumptions underlying the author’s arguments. Look for any logical fallacies, such as faulty reasoning or false premises.
Be skeptical and question unsupported claims or assertions. Analyze the evidence and reasoning presented to determine the validity of the arguments.
Engage in Reflective Thinking: Take breaks while reading to reflect on the content and consider your own thoughts and reactions.
Formulate your own opinions, but also be open to revising them based on new information and perspectives. Challenge your own biases and preconceived notions.
Evaluate Supporting Evidence: Scrutinize the evidence presented by the author. Assess whether it is relevant, reliable, and sufficient to support the claims being made.
Look for primary sources, empirical data, expert opinions, and logical reasoning to back up the arguments. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Consider the Context: Understand the broader context in which the text was written. Consider the historical, cultural, and social factors that may influence the author’s viewpoint and the intended audience.
Analyze how the context impacts the author’s message and its relevance to contemporary issues.
Engage in Discussion and Debate: Discuss the text with others who have different perspectives.
Engaging in thoughtful conversations and debates allows you to further analyze and challenge ideas, refine your own understanding, and gain insights from others.
Q 2. What are the probable hard-spots in English Grammar, for those who learn English as a second language?
Ans. As a second language learner of English, there are several grammar areas that often pose challenges. Here are some common hard spots in English grammar for second language learners:
Verb Tenses: English has a complex system of verb tenses, including present, past, future, continuous, perfect, and more.
Understanding when and how to use each tense correctly can be challenging for learners, as it involves not only conjugating verbs but also grasping the nuances of time and aspect. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Articles: English uses articles (a, an, the) to indicate whether a noun is specific or general. Mastering when to use “a” or “an” (indefinite articles) versus “the” (definite article) can be tricky, as it requires understanding the context, countable versus uncountable nouns, and the concept of definiteness.
Prepositions: English prepositions (such as in, on, at, by, for, with) indicate relationships between objects, locations, time, and other elements.
Choosing the correct preposition can be challenging due to differences in usage and idiomatic expressions.
Word Order: English follows a specific word order in sentences (subject-verb-object). However, the word order can change depending on the sentence structure, questions, negatives, and various clauses. Incorrect word order can affect meaning and clarity in English sentences.
Phrasal Verbs: Phrasal verbs are combinations of a verb and one or more particles (e.g., “turn off,” “take up”).
Understanding the meanings and usage of phrasal verbs can be difficult, as their meanings are often idiomatic and may not correspond to the individual meanings of the verb and particle.
Conditionals: English has various conditional structures (e.g., zero, first, second, third conditionals) that express hypothetical situations and their potential outcomes. Mastering the correct form and usage of conditionals can be challenging for second language learners. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Modal Verbs: Modal verbs (e.g., can, could, may, might, should) have specific meanings and usages, expressing possibility, ability, permission, obligation, and more. Learners need to understand the nuances of each modal verb and their correct usage in different contexts.
Reported Speech: Reporting what someone said involves changes in pronouns, tenses, and word order. Understanding how to accurately transform direct speech into reported speech can be confusing for second language learners.
Relative Clauses: Relative clauses provide additional information about a noun in a sentence (e.g., “The book that I read”). Mastering the correct use of relative pronouns (e.g., who, which, that) and understanding how to combine relative clauses can be challenging.
Idioms and Collocations: English contains numerous idiomatic expressions and collocations (words that often occur together).
Learning and using idioms and collocations appropriately can be difficult for second language learners as they often have unique meanings and cannot be translated literally.
It is important for second language learners to practice these challenging grammar areas through consistent exposure, reading, writing, and interactive exercises.
Seeking guidance from teachers, language resources, and language exchange partners can also help in overcoming these hard spots in English grammar.
Q 3. How is persuasive writing different from argumentative writing? Illustrate your answer with examples of both.
Ans. Persuasive writing and argumentative writing share similarities but have distinct purposes and approaches. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
While both aim to influence the reader’s viewpoint, persuasive writing focuses more on appealing to emotions and beliefs, while argumentative writing relies heavily on logical reasoning and evidence. Here are examples of both to illustrate the differences:
Persuasive Writing Example:
Title: “Support Local Farmers: Embrace the Farm-to-Table Movement”
Introduction: The introduction begins with a captivating statement about the benefits of the farm-to-table movement and its impact on local communities.
Body Paragraphs: The body paragraphs present compelling reasons to support local farmers, such as promoting sustainable agriculture, ensuring fresher and healthier food, and strengthening the local economy.
The emphasis is on appealing to the reader’s emotions, values, and sense of community.
Example Sentence: “By choosing to embrace the farm-to-table movement, we not only nourish our bodies with fresh, pesticide-free produce, but we also contribute to the preservation of our environment and support the livelihoods of hardworking farmers right here in our community.”
Conclusion: The conclusion restates the importance of supporting local farmers and ends with a call to action, encouraging readers to make conscious choices in favor of the farm-to-table movement.
Argumentative Writing Example:
Title: “The Benefits of Year-Round Schooling: Improving Educational Outcomes”
Introduction: The introduction provides an overview of the topic and presents a clear thesis statement supporting the benefits of year-round schooling.
Body Paragraphs: Each body paragraph presents a specific argument, supported by evidence and logical reasoning. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Arguments may include reducing summer learning loss, improving student retention of knowledge, providing more flexibility in scheduling, and enhancing academic performance.
Example Sentence: “Research studies have consistently shown that year-round schooling significantly reduces the knowledge decline experienced during extended summer breaks, ensuring that students retain their learning momentum and are better prepared for the upcoming academic year.”
Counterarguments and Rebuttals: In an argumentative essay, counterarguments may be addressed and refuted to strengthen the overall argument.
For example, addressing concerns about the impact on vacation time or the potential for teacher burnout.
Conclusion: The conclusion summarizes the main points, reaffirms the thesis statement, and highlights the significance of year-round schooling in improving educational outcomes.
In persuasive writing, the emphasis is on emotional appeal and influencing the reader’s attitudes and beliefs, while argumentative writing focuses on presenting logical arguments and supporting them with evidence.
Both approaches aim to persuade the reader, but they employ different strategies and rhetorical techniques to achieve their goals.
Q 4. Briefly describe the three major types of study skills and show how they help us to become better learners.
Ans. The three major types of study skills are cognitive, metacognitive, and behavioral. Each type plays a crucial role in helping individuals become better learners by improving their understanding, retention, and application of knowledge.
Here’s a brief description of each type and how they contribute to enhancing learning:
Cognitive Study Skills: Cognitive study skills refer to techniques that directly involve the processing and comprehension of information. These skills focus on how we acquire, organize, and retain knowledge. Examples of cognitive study skills include:
Note-taking: Effective note-taking helps capture important information, identify key points, and organize content for better understanding and review.
Summarizing: Summarizing involves condensing information into concise and meaningful summaries, which helps in retaining and recalling key ideas.
Mind Mapping: Mind mapping visually represents relationships between concepts, aiding in comprehension, organization, and retrieval of information.
Active Listening: Actively engaging in listening, such as asking questions, taking mental notes, and reflecting on the content, enhances understanding and retention.
Cognitive study skills help learners process and internalize information effectively, leading to improved comprehension and retention of knowledge.
Metacognitive Study Skills: Metacognitive study skills focus on self-awareness and self-regulation of the learning process. They involve monitoring and controlling one’s own learning, reflecting on learning strategies, and adjusting them as needed.
Examples of metacognitive study skills include:
Setting Goals: Establishing clear and achievable learning goals provides direction and motivation, helping learners stay focused and prioritize their efforts.
Self-Reflection: Reflecting on one’s learning process, strengths, and weaknesses enables learners to identify effective strategies and make necessary adjustments.
Time Management: Efficiently managing time allows learners to allocate sufficient time for studying, reviewing, and practicing, avoiding last-minute cramming.
Self-Assessment: Assessing one’s own understanding and progress helps identify areas of improvement and adjust study strategies accordingly.
Metacognitive study skills promote self-directed learning and enable individuals to become more effective and independent learners.
Behavioral Study Skills: Behavioral study skills involve specific actions and behaviors that support learning. These skills focus on creating an environment and routine that facilitate effective studying. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Examples of behavioral study skills include:
Establishing a Study Routine: Setting aside dedicated time and creating a consistent study routine helps establish a habit of studying and reduces distractions.
Creating a Productive Study Environment: Designing a conducive study environment, such as a quiet and organized space, minimizes distractions and enhances focus.
Using Study Resources: Effectively utilizing study resources, such as textbooks, online materials, or educational software, helps access additional information and practice materials.
Collaborative Learning: Engaging in group study or study groups fosters collaboration, discussion, and sharing of knowledge, enhancing understanding and problem-solving skills.
Q 1. Write a paragraph of about 150 words on the topic given below. Underline the topic sentence after writing the paragraph.
“Protecting our cultural heritage: aspects to be considered.”
Ans. Protecting our cultural heritage is of utmost importance, and several aspects need to be considered to ensure its preservation for future generations. Firstly, the physical conservation of cultural artifacts is crucial.
Proper storage conditions, preventive measures against deterioration, and careful handling are necessary to safeguard these valuable treasures.
Preservation efforts should also extend to historic sites, buildings, and monuments, requiring maintenance, restoration, and protection from natural disasters or human interventions. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Secondly, raising awareness and promoting education about cultural heritage is vital. By imparting knowledge and fostering appreciation, individuals can develop a sense of responsibility and actively contribute to its safeguarding.
Educational programs, guided tours, and interactive exhibitions play a significant role in instilling a connection and respect for our cultural heritage.
Furthermore, legal frameworks and international cooperation are essential for protecting cultural heritage.
Legislation should enforce strict regulations against looting, illicit trade, and vandalism, while promoting ethical practices in the art and antiquities market.
Collaboration among nations is crucial to combat the illegal trafficking of cultural artifacts across borders. Lastly, involving local communities in heritage preservation is crucial.
By engaging residents, indigenous groups, and stakeholders, their expertise, knowledge, and traditions can contribute to sustainable conservation practices.
Their involvement fosters a sense of ownership, pride, and cultural continuity, ensuring that our heritage remains alive and relevant.
In conclusion, protecting our cultural heritage requires a multi-faceted approach that encompasses physical conservation, education, legal measures, international cooperation, and community involvement.
Only through these efforts can we ensure the preservation and appreciation of our rich cultural legacy for generations to come.
Topic Sentence: “Protecting our cultural heritage is of utmost importance, and several aspects need to be considered to ensure its preservation for future generations.”
Q 2. Write a well – developed composition on the topic given below:
“Importance of providing skills training to students in Indian higher education .”
Your composition should have a clear introduction, body and conclusion.
Ans. In today’s rapidly changing world, the importance of skills training for students in Indian higher education cannot be overstated.
While traditional academic knowledge remains important, it is equally essential for students to develop practical skills that prepare them for the demands of the modern workforce. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
This composition will explore the significance of providing skills training to students in Indian higher education, focusing on the benefits it brings and the ways it can positively impact their future prospects.
Skills training in Indian higher education offers several significant advantages. Firstly, it bridges the gap between theoretical knowledge and real-world application.
By incorporating practical training and experiential learning into the curriculum, students gain hands-on experience and develop a deeper understanding of their chosen field.
This practical exposure equips them with the necessary skills and competencies demanded by employers, enhancing their employability upon graduation.
Secondly, skills training fosters innovation and entrepreneurship among students. By providing them with opportunities to engage in problem-solving, critical thinking, and creativity, students are encouraged to think outside the box and develop innovative solutions.
This not only benefits their own personal growth but also contributes to the economic development of the country as they become job creators rather than just job seekers.
Moreover, skills training equips students with transferable skills that are valuable across various industries and sectors.
Skills such as communication, teamwork, leadership, adaptability, and digital literacy are essential in today’s interconnected and globalized world.
Developing these skills enables students to navigate a dynamic job market and adapt to changing trends and technologies throughout their careers.
Skills training in higher education also enhances students’ self-confidence and self-esteem. As they gain practical knowledge and acquire skills, they become more self-assured and prepared to face professional challenges.
This confidence translates into better performance in job interviews, increased job satisfaction, and overall career success. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
In conclusion, providing skills training to students in Indian higher education is of paramount importance.
It not only prepares them for the demands of the workforce but also fosters innovation, enhances employability, develops transferable skills, and boosts self-confidence.
To meet the evolving needs of the job market and to empower the future generation, it is essential for higher education institutions in India to prioritize skills training alongside academic knowledge.
By doing so, they contribute to the holistic development of students and lay the foundation for a prosperous and skilled workforce that can drive the nation’s progress.