Download IGNOU BEGLA 138 Solved Free Assignment 2023


Reading and Speaking Skills

BEGLA 138 Solved Free Assignment 2023

BEGLA 138 Solved Free Assignment January 2023

Q 1. What do you understand by Comprehension? Explain Expository text and its types.

Ans. Comprehension refers to the ability to understand and interpret written, spoken or visual information. It involves a set of cognitive processes that help individuals extract meaning from texts and other forms of information.

Comprehension is a crucial skill that is required in all areas of academic and professional life. It enables individuals to read and understand complex texts, analyze information, and make informed decisions.

Expository text is a type of writing that explains or informs about a topic in a factual, straightforward manner. It is typically non-fictional and is intended to educate or inform the reader.

Expository text can be found in various forms, such as textbooks, encyclopedias, newspaper articles, essays, and research papers.

There are four main types of expository text: descriptive, explanatory, comparative, and argumentative.

Descriptive Expository Text: This type of text provides details and information about a particular subject or topic.

It aims to create a mental image of the topic in the reader’s mind. Descriptive text is often used in travel writing, product reviews, and descriptive essays.

Explanatory Expository Text: This type of text aims to explain a concept, process or idea in detail. It provides step-by-step instructions, definitions, and examples to help the reader understand the subject matter.

Explanatory text is commonly found in science and technology writing, manuals, and how-to guides. BEGLA 138 Solved Free Assignment 2023

Comparative Expository Text: This type of text compares and contrasts two or more subjects or ideas. It aims to highlight the similarities and differences between the subjects and provide an objective analysis.

Comparative text is often used in academic writing, literary analysis, and research papers.

Argumentative Expository Text: This type of text presents an argument or a point of view on a particular topic. It aims to persuade the reader to accept the writer’s position by providing evidence and logical reasoning.

Argumentative text is commonly found in opinion articles, editorials, and persuasive essays.

The main objective of expository writing is to provide information and explain complex ideas in a clear and concise manner.

The language used in expository texts is usually straightforward and factual, without any flowery language or personal opinions.

The writer’s main purpose is to present the information in an organized and logical manner to make it easy for the reader to understand.

There are several types of expository texts. One common type is the explanatory essay, which provides a detailed explanation of a particular topic or concept.

Another type is the process essay, which explains how to do something step-by-step, such as a recipe or instructions for assembling a piece of furniture.

Other types of expository texts include compare and contrast essays, cause and effect essays, and descriptive essays.

BEGLA 138 Assignment question

In addition to these types of expository texts, there are also specialized forms of expository writing, such as technical writing and scientific writing.

Technical writing is used to explain complex technical concepts to a non-technical audience, such as instruction manuals for new software or technical reports for a business. BEGLA 138 Solved Free Assignment 2023

Scientific writing is used to report the results of scientific research and experiments, and is written in a highly technical and precise language.

Overall, expository texts are an important part of written communication and are used to convey information in a clear and concise manner.

Whether you are reading a textbook, a news article, or an instruction manual, understanding the characteristics and types of expository texts can help you to better comprehend the information being presented.

Q 2. Define ‘communication’. Why are Communication Skills important? Discuss the 7 Cs of communication.

Ans. Communication is the process of exchanging information, thoughts, ideas, or emotions between individuals through verbal or nonverbal means.

Effective communication is essential for building relationships, sharing information, expressing emotions, making decisions, and achieving common goals.

Communication is not just about conveying a message, but also about ensuring that the message is received, understood, and interpreted correctly.

Communication skills are important in all aspects of life, including personal, social, academic, and professional.

Effective communication skills can help individuals to build better relationships, resolve conflicts, negotiate effectively, make better decisions, and become successful in their careers. BEGLA 138 Solved Free Assignment 2023

Poor communication skills, on the other hand, can lead to misunderstandings, conflicts, and failures.

The 7 Cs of communication are a set of principles that can help individuals to communicate effectively in any situation. These principles are as follows:

Clarity: The message should be clear and easy to understand. It should be free from jargon, technical terms, or ambiguous words that may confuse the receiver.

Completeness: The message should be complete and should contain all the necessary information that the receiver needs to understand and respond to the message.

Conciseness: The message should be concise and to the point. It should not contain unnecessary details, repetitions, or irrelevant information that may distract the receiver.

Correctness: The message should be grammatically correct, free from spelling mistakes, and should use appropriate language that is suitable for the receiver.

Courtesy: The message should be courteous, respectful, and should show consideration for the feelings, beliefs, and values of the receiver. It should avoid offensive or rude language that may hurt the receiver.

Consideration: The message should be designed keeping in mind the needs, interests, and expectations of the receiver. It should address the receiver’s concerns, questions, or objections, and should provide solutions or alternatives.

Concrete: The message should be specific, factual, and based on concrete evidence, data, or examples that can support the message. It should avoid generalizations, assumptions, or opinions that may be open to interpretation.

By following these principles, individuals can communicate effectively, build trust, and achieve their goals. Effective communication is not just about speaking, but also about listening actively, showing empathy, and adapting to the receiver’s communication style and preferences.

Q 3. Read the passage and answer the following questions:

Ans. The correct answer is b) It was a convenient spot for taking a halt at night. The passage mentions that Mike and his family stopped under the tree at night, and there was a stream nearby where they could freshen up themselves.

It doesn’t mention anything about the tree being the only large one or that they could defeat the thief. BEGLA 138 Solved Free Assignment 2023

The correct answer is d) He was greedy and imitated Mike. The passage describes Morris as owning the largest jewellery shop in the village and being a rich businessman. However, he was greedy and decided to imitate Mike’s actions after hearing how he got rich overnight.

The correct answer is b) He was telling his wife to have faith in god. Mike’s statement “He is watching all this from above” indicates that he had faith in God and believed that everything would work out for the best. He was reassuring his wife that they would be provided for.

The correct answer is c) To wait for Morris’s family. After observing Mike’s family working together and seeing that they had nothing to cook, the thief decided to make a quick escape. However, he left behind the bundle of stolen jewels and money, which Mike’s family found. Morris and his family later stopped under the same tree, and the thief waited for them to arrive and stole everything they had.

The correct answer is b) They were very excited. The passage states that there was great excitement in the village when Mike’s family returned with their newfound wealth. It doesn’t mention anything about jealousy, envy, or following his example.

Q 4. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow:

Ans. The answer is (ii) Ten other great scientists who had won Nobel Prizes in different fields were also invited.

  1. The answer is (iii) Violin.

3. The answer is (iii) Radio.

4. The answer is (iv) Roosevelt.

5. The answer is (i) “You can give me any punishment and I will accept it.”

6. After receiving the news of the atomic attack, Einstein was distressed and went into seclusion for several days. He later engaged himself in writing letters to world leaders, including President Truman, urging them to promote peace and nuclear disarmament. BEGLA 138 Solved Free Assignment 2023

7) In a letter to the physicist and philosopher Bertrand Russell, Einstein wrote, “The unleashed power of the atom has changed everything except our modes of thinking, and thus we drift toward unparalleled catastrophe.” He believed that the use of the atomic bomb had turned science and scientists into murderers.

8) To show his displeasure over the atomic attack, Einstein refused to participate in the Manhattan Project and publicly advocated for nuclear disarmament. He also donated the manuscript of his famous equation, E=mc², to the United States Library of Congress, hoping it would serve as a reminder of the destructive potential of nuclear weapons.

9) Einstein believed that science and spirituality were not mutually exclusive and that both were necessary for the progress of humanity. He wanted harmony between the two while teaching in educational institutes because he believed that a purely materialistic worldview could lead to a destructive use of scientific discoveries, as evidenced by the atomic bomb.

10) i) Extreme mental pain: agony
ii) Repentance: remorse

Q 5. Read the following text:

Ans. a) iv) India’s economy is biased against women.
b) iii) dignity and liberty.
c) iv) it constantly treats women no less than its other half.
d) iv) for want of medical attention.

2. Answer the following questions briefly:

a) India is ranked 114 by the World Economic Forum because its economy and society are still extremely biased against women.

b) Women in India seem to be empowered only in the realm of political empowerment, where India is ranked 21st.

c) Killing of girl children before or after birth has affected the sex ratio the most.

d) The failure of public health is due to hundreds of women in rural India not having access to medical attention during childbirth, and thousands more not even having access to a primary health center.

3) Liability is a word from the passage having the opposite meaning to “asset”.

4) The word “constantly” from Para-5 means the same as “continuously”.

Q 6. Create a pleasant and positive impression to make a best telephonic conversation against the columns given below:

Ans. Pleasant expressions you can use:

  1. Good morning/afternoon/evening, how may I assist you?
  2. I will be in touch shortly. Thank you for your patience.
  3. I’m sorry, it seems you’ve reached the wrong extension. Let me transfer you to the right department/person.
  4. I understand, let me see what I can do to help.
  5. Certainly, I’ll be happy to help.
  6. While that may be challenging, let’s see if there are any alternatives we can explore together.
  7. May I know who I’m speaking with, please?
  8. Let me try to find out for you.
  9. Here’s what I can do for you…
  10. Thank you for waiting, I appreciate your time.

Q 7. How are story telling, dialogues and role playing important in achieving efficient speaking skills? Explain.

Ans. Storytelling, dialogues, and role-playing play a crucial role in developing efficient speaking skills by providing practical and engaging opportunities for language practice and communication.

These elements enhance various aspects of spoken language, such as fluency, vocabulary, pronunciation, organization of thoughts, listening comprehension, and the ability to adapt to different situations. Let’s explore each of these components in detail. BEGLA 138 Solved Free Assignment 2023

Storytelling is a powerful tool that helps individuals develop their speaking skills in a structured and captivating way.

When engaging in storytelling, individuals learn to create and present narratives, which requires organizing their thoughts coherently.

They develop the ability to sequence events and ideas, making their speech more logical and well-structured.

By constructing and delivering stories, learners practice using appropriate vocabulary and grammar, which leads to an expansion of their linguistic repertoire.

Furthermore, storytelling nurtures fluency in spoken language. As individuals share stories, they gain practice in speaking at a natural pace, smoothly transitioning between ideas, and connecting sentences and paragraphs.

This fluency allows for a more engaging and seamless communication experience, capturing the attention of listeners and conveying messages effectively.

Dialogues, on the other hand, offer learners the opportunity to engage in simulated conversations, which closely resemble real-life interactions.

Engaging in dialogues allows individuals to practice their spoken language skills in a dynamic and interactive way. By participating in conversations, learners enhance their listening comprehension abilities as they actively engage with their dialogue partners. BEGLA 138 Solved Free Assignment 2023

This leads to improved understanding of spoken language patterns, intonation, and nuances in communication.

Dialogues also strengthen conversational skills. Through dialogue practice, individuals become more adept at turn-taking, engaging in active listening, and responding appropriately to different situations and speakers.

They learn to adapt their speaking style and language register to match the context and the interlocutors, whether it is a formal or informal conversation.

This adaptability fosters effective communication and creates a sense of connection between the speakers.

Role-playing, another valuable component, allows individuals to assume fictional or assigned roles and act out specific scenarios. Role-playing provides a safe and immersive environment for learners to practice using language in context.

This practice helps individuals gain confidence in expressing themselves and develop communication strategies that suit different social and professional settings.

Through role-playing, learners acquire valuable skills such as thinking on their feet, problem-solving, and responding to challenges or unexpected situations.

They learn to use language in a purposeful and targeted manner, adapting their communication style to match the character they are portraying.

Role-playing also nurtures active listening skills, as individuals must attentively listen to their partners’ lines, react appropriately, and build upon the conversation dynamically. BEGLA 138 Solved Free Assignment 2023

Additionally, role-playing promotes empathy and understanding of different perspectives.

By immersing themselves in various roles, learners develop a deeper appreciation for diverse viewpoints and learn to communicate respectfully and effectively in different social contexts.

This enhances their ability to connect with others and establish meaningful interactions.

BEGLA 137 Solved Free Assignment 2023

BEGLA 136 Solved Free Assignment 2023


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