Download IGNOU BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment 2023



BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment 2023

BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment January 2023

Section A

Q.I Write short notes on the following

(i) Readability is a writer’s ultimate goal.

Ans. (i) Readability is a Writer’s Ultimate Goal

As a writer, one of the most important goals is to make your writing readable. Readability refers to how easily and effectively your writing can be understood by the audience. BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment

Whether you are writing a novel, an essay, a report, or any other form of writing, readability should be a top priority.

Readability is crucial because it determines how well your writing communicates its intended message. If your writing is not readable, it may fail to engage your audience or convey your ideas clearly.

Poor readability can result in confusion, frustration, and even disinterest among readers.BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment

To improve readability, writers should focus on several key elements. First, use simple and clear language that is appropriate for your target audience.

Avoid jargon or technical terms that may be unfamiliar to your readers, and explain any complex concepts in a way that is easy to understand.

Second, pay attention to the structure and organization of your writing. Use headings, subheadings, and paragraphs to create a logical flow of ideas. Break up long sentences and paragraphs to make your writing more digestible.

Third, consider the use of visuals, such as images, diagrams, or charts, to enhance your writing. Visuals can help convey information more effectively and make your writing more engaging and accessible.

BEGG 174 Assignment Question

Lastly, revise and edit your writing carefully to eliminate errors, awkward phrasing, and unnecessary repetition. Well-edited writing is easier to read and conveys a more professional image to your audience.

(ii) Kinds of Travel Writing

Travel writing is a diverse genre that encompasses various types of writing about travel experiences. Some common kinds of travel writing include:

Travelogues: These are personal accounts of a traveler’s experiences, observations, and reflections while exploring a particular destination.

Travelogues often focus on the author’s impressions, emotions, and interactions with the local culture, and may include descriptions of landmarks, cuisine, and customs.

Destination Guides: These are informative pieces that provide detailed information about a particular destination, including practical tips, recommendations, and advice for travelers.BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment 2023

Destination guides may cover topics such as accommodations, transportation, attractions, and activities, and are often written in a factual and objective style.

Adventure Travel Writing: This type of travel writing focuses on thrilling and adventurous experiences, such as hiking, camping, or extreme sports.

Adventure travel writing often highlights the physical challenges, risks, and rewards of outdoor activities, and may inspire readers to embark on their own adventures.

Food and Drink Writing: This type of travel writing focuses on culinary experiences, such as trying local cuisine, visiting markets, or exploring food and beverage traditions. BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment

Food and drink writing often includes descriptions of flavors, ingredients, and cooking techniques, and may delve into the cultural significance of food in a particular destination.

Travel Essays: These are reflective and introspective pieces that explore the author’s thoughts, emotions, and insights about travel and its impact on their life.

Travel essays often delve into deeper themes, such as self-discovery, cultural understanding, or environmental issues, and may offer a unique perspective on the travel experience.BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment 2023

(iii) Role of Sound Effects (SFX) in Writing for Radio

Sound effects (SFX) play a crucial role in writing for radio. Unlike other forms of writing, radio writing relies heavily on audio elements to create a rich and immersive experience for the audience.

Sound effects are used to enhance the listener’s imagination and bring the story to life in their minds.

One of the primary roles of SFX in radio writing is to create a sense of place. Since radio is an auditory medium, the use of sound effects can transport listeners to different locations, such as a bustling city street, a serene forest, or a busy café.

Sound effects can help establish the mood, tone, and atmosphere of the story, making it more engaging and vivid for the audience.

Sound effects also serve to provide information and context in radio writing. For example, the sound of footsteps, a door creaking, or a car honking can convey important details about a scene without the need for explicit narration.

Sound effects can also indicate changes in time, location, or character movements, helping the audience follow the story more effectively.

Furthermore, sound effects can evoke emotions and create an emotional connection with the audience. For instance, the sound of rain can create a sense of melancholy or sadness, while the sound of laughter can evoke joy or humor.

Sound effects can enhance the emotional impact of a scene or a character’s actions, making the story more emotionally resonant for the listeners.

In addition, sound effects can add a layer of creativity and artistry to radio writing. Writers can use unique and creative sound effects to add depth, texture, and nuance to their storytelling.BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment 2023

Sound effects can be used to create imaginative and immersive soundscapes, adding a distinct artistic flair to the radio production.

It’s important to note that the effective use of sound effects in radio writing requires careful consideration and balance. Too many or poorly chosen sound effects can overwhelm the story and distract the audience.

It’s essential to use sound effects judiciously and purposefully, ensuring that they enhance the story and contribute to its overall impact.

(iv) Importance of editing a text

Ans. Editing is a critical step in the writing process and plays a crucial role in producing high-quality, polished, and professional writing.

It involves revising and correcting a text to improve its clarity, coherence, grammar, punctuation, spelling, and overall effectiveness. Here are some reasons why editing is important:BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment

Improves Clarity and Coherence: Editing helps ensure that the writing is clear, concise, and coherent.

It helps eliminate any ambiguities, redundancies, or inconsistencies in the text, making it easier for readers to understand and follow the writer’s ideas.

Enhances Grammar and Punctuation: Proper grammar and punctuation are essential for effective communication. BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment 2023

Editing helps correct any grammatical errors, punctuation mistakes, or syntax issues in the text, ensuring that the writing is grammatically accurate and professional.

Ensures Consistency: Editing helps maintain consistency in style, tone, and language throughout the text.

It ensures that the writing adheres to the desired tone, follows the appropriate style guide, and uses consistent terminology and language.

Eliminates Errors: Editing helps identify and correct any errors, such as spelling mistakes, typos, or factual inaccuracies, in the text.

It ensures that the writing is error-free and presents a polished and professional image to the readers.BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment

Improves Readability: Editing involves checking the flow, structure, and organization of the text. It helps ensure that the writing is well-structured, logically organized, and easy to read, enhancing its overall readability and impact.

Polishes Style and Voice: Editing allows writers to refine their writing style and voice. It helps writers eliminate any awkward phrasing, redundant words, or unnecessary repetition, ensuring that the writing is polished, engaging, and reflects the writer’s unique voice.

Enhances Professionalism: Well-edited writing reflects a high level of professionalism and attention to detail. BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment 2023

It shows that the writer has taken the time and effort to polish their work, which can significantly impact the perception of the writing by readers or potential publishers.

Section B

Q. II Answer the following questions in about 350 words each:

I) What are some basic guidelines for a creative writer?

Ans. Creative writing is an art form that allows writers to express their imagination, emotions, and unique perspective through the written word.

Whether you’re a seasoned writer or just starting out, here are some basic guidelines to keep in mind for creative writing:

Know Your Audience: Consider who you are writing for and what type of response you want to evoke from your readers.BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment

Are you writing for children, teenagers, adults, or a specific genre or niche? Understanding your audience will help you tailor your writing style, tone, and content accordingly.

Read Widely: Read a diverse range of literature, including different genres, styles, and authors.

Expose yourself to different writing techniques, perspectives, and storytelling styles. Reading widely can inspire your own writing and help you develop your unique voice and style.

Write Freely: Give yourself permission to write freely without self-censorship or judgment. Let your ideas flow without worrying about perfection or criticism.

Allow yourself to experiment, take risks, and explore different writing techniques and styles. You can always revise and edit later.

Develop Strong Characters: Characters are the heart of any story. Create well-rounded, believable characters that readers can connect with and root for.

Develop their personalities, motivations, desires, and conflicts. Make them come alive on the page through vivid descriptions, actions, and dialogue.

Show, Don’t Tell: Instead of simply telling readers what is happening, show them through sensory details, vivid descriptions, and evocative language.

Use sensory imagery to bring your story to life and immerse readers in the world of your story.BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment 2023

Use Dialogue Effectively: Dialogue is a powerful tool in creative writing. It can reveal character, advance the plot, and add depth to your story.

Use dialogue to create authentic conversations that reflect your characters’ personalities, emotions, and relationships. Avoid overusing dialogue tags and be mindful of maintaining a natural flow in your dialogue.

Pay Attention to Setting: Setting is more than just a backdrop for your story; it can be a character in itself. Pay attention to the details of your setting, including the time, place, and atmosphere.BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment

Use descriptive language to create a vivid sense of place that transports readers into the world of your story.

Structure Your Story: A well-structured story has a clear beginning, middle, and end. Develop a compelling plot that keeps readers engaged and invested in your story.

Include conflict, tension, and resolution to create a satisfying narrative arc. Experiment with different story structures to find what works best for your story.

Edit and Revise: Writing is a process, and editing is an essential part of that process. After completing a draft, take the time to revise and edit your work. Check for grammar and punctuation errors, inconsistencies, and awkward phrasing.

Trim unnecessary words or sentences, and ensure that your writing flows smoothly. Seek feedback from trusted readers or critique partners to gain fresh perspectives on your work.BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment

Be Authentic: Your voice and perspective are unique, so embrace them. Write from your heart, and be true to your own style and vision.

Avoid imitating others or conforming to external expectations. Authenticity is what makes your writing stand out and resonate with readers.

Revise and Revise Again: Writing is a craft that requires continuous improvement. Revise and polish your work as many times as needed to make it the best it can be. Be open to feedback and criticism, and use them to refine your writing.

Be Patient: Writing takes time and effort. Be patient with yourself and your writing process. Don’t rush or force your creativity. Allow yourself the space and time to develop your ideas, revise your work, and grow as a writer.

Be Persistent: Writing can be challenging, and rejection or criticism can be discouraging. However, it’s important to stay persistent and keep writing. Don’t be afraid to take risks or try new things in your writing.

Embrace failures as opportunities to learn and grow. Keep submitting your work to publishers, literary magazines, or online platforms, and don’t give up on your writing dreams.BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment 2023

Be Observant: Pay attention to the world around you. Observe people, places, and events with a keen eye.

Notice the details, emotions, and interactions that can inspire your writing. Use your observations to add depth and authenticity to your characters, settings, and plots.

Revise with a Fresh Mind: After completing a draft, take a break from your work and come back to it with a fresh mind.

This will allow you to see your writing with new eyes and spot any flaws, inconsistencies, or areas that need improvement. Distance yourself from your work to gain perspective and make objective revisions.

Experiment with Different Genres and Styles: Don’t be afraid to step out of your comfort zone and experiment with different genres, styles, and forms of writing. Try writing poetry, short stories, flash fiction, or even non-fiction.

Experiment with different tones, perspectives, and narrative techniques. This can help you discover new strengths and broaden your writing horizons.

Edit Ruthlessly: Editing is not just about correcting grammar and punctuation; it’s about tightening your writing and making it more effective.

Be ruthless in cutting out unnecessary words, phrases, or scenes that do not contribute to the story. Keep only what is essential and serves the purpose of your story.BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment

Pay Attention to Language: Language is the tool of a writer, so use it deliberately and thoughtfully. Choose your words carefully to create the desired tone, mood, and atmosphere in your writing.

Be mindful of the rhythm, flow, and cadence of your sentences. Use literary devices such as metaphors, similes, alliteration, and imagery to add depth and richness to your writing.BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment 2023

Revise for Consistency: Ensure that your story is consistent in terms of plot, characterization, tone, and style.

Avoid plot holes, inconsistencies in character traits or motivations, and abrupt shifts in tone or style. Revise and polish your writing until it is coherent and flows smoothly from beginning to end.

Embrace Feedback: Feedback from others is invaluable in the writing process. Be open to receiving feedback from critique partners, beta readers, or editors.

Listen to their suggestions and critiques with an open mind, and use them to improve your writing. However, also trust your own instincts and make the final decisions about your work.BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment

ii) Discuss some ways in which you can make a short story interesting.

Ans. A short story is a compact form of storytelling that requires the writer to make every word count.

To make a short story interesting, it needs to captivate the reader’s attention from the very beginning and hold it until the end. Here are some ways in which you can make a short story interesting:

Start with a compelling opening: The opening lines of a short story are crucial in grabbing the reader’s attention.

Begin with a powerful hook, an intriguing question, a vivid description, or a compelling statement that draws the reader in and makes them want to read further.

Create relatable characters: Characters are the heart of any story, and in a short story, they need to be well-developed and relatable.

Make your characters multi-dimensional, with strengths, flaws, and desires that readers can identify with. The readers should care about what happens to the characters and be emotionally invested in their journey.

Develop an engaging plot: The plot is the backbone of the story, and in a short story, it needs to be concise yet compelling. Choose a central conflict or dilemma that drives the story forward and keeps the readers engaged.

Include a clear beginning, middle, and end, with a satisfying resolution or twist that surprises and intrigues the readers.BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment 2023

Use vivid descriptions and sensory details: Paint a vivid picture with your words by using descriptive language and sensory details. Help the readers see, hear, smell, taste, and feel the world of your story.

This creates a sensory experience for the readers and immerses them in the story, making it more interesting and engaging.

Create tension and conflict: Conflict is the driving force of any story, and it creates tension and drama that keep the readers engaged.

Include conflicts that are internal (within the characters) and external (between characters or with the environment). This creates obstacles for the characters to overcome, making the story more interesting and dynamic.

Use dialogue effectively: Dialogue is an essential tool in short story writing. Use dialogue to reveal character traits, convey emotions, advance the plot, and create conflict. BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment

Make your dialogue realistic and dynamic, with distinct voices for each character. This makes the story more engaging and adds authenticity to the characters and their interactions.

Experiment with structure: Short stories offer flexibility in structure, and you can experiment with different narrative techniques to make your story interesting.

Try using flashbacks, multiple points of view, nonlinear timelines, or other unconventional structures to create a unique reading experience for the audience.

Build suspense: Suspense keeps the readers on the edge of their seats and makes the story more exciting. Use foreshadowing, pacing, and anticipation to create suspense in your short story.BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment

Drop hints, create unanswered questions, and build tension to keep the readers guessing and eager to know what happens next.

Include emotional resonance: Emotional resonance is what makes a story memorable and impactful. Tap into the emotions of your characters and the readers by exploring universal themes such as love, loss, fear, hope, or longing.

Create emotional moments that resonate with the readers and evoke empathy, connection, or reflection.BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment 2023

Use symbolism and metaphor: Symbolism and metaphor add depth and layers to your story. Use symbolic objects, actions, or imagery to convey deeper meanings or emotions.

Metaphors can create powerful visual or emotional associations that enhance the readers’ understanding and engagement with the story.

Play with language and style: The language and style of your story can also make it interesting. Experiment with different writing techniques, such as alliteration, repetition, rhythm, or wordplay, to create a unique voice and tone.

Use figurative language, sensory details, and vivid imagery to create a sensory experience for the readers.BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment

Leave room for interpretation: A short story can be open to interpretation, allowing readers to draw their conclusions and interpretations. Avoid spelling out every detail and leave some gaps for readers to fill in with their imagination.

This encourages active engagement and participation from the readers, making the story more interesting and thought-provoking.

Be concise and focused: In a short story, every word counts, and it’s crucial to be concise and focused. Avoid unnecessary descriptions or digressions that can distract from the main story.

Keep the pacing tight and maintain a sense of momentum throughout the story. This ensures that readers stay engaged and interested in the story.

Surprise your readers: A good short story should have unexpected elements that surprise and intrigue the readers. BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment

Include plot twists, unexpected character actions, or surprising revelations that challenge readers’ expectations and keep them engaged.

However, make sure that the surprises are believable and well-executed, without feeling forced or contrived.BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment 2023

Show, don’t tell: Show, don’t tell is a fundamental rule of storytelling. Instead of simply telling readers what is happening, use vivid descriptions, actions, and dialogue to show the story unfolding.

This allows readers to experience the story firsthand and makes it more engaging and immersive.

Use humor, irony, or wit: Humor, irony, or wit can add an extra layer of interest to a short story. Well-placed humor can lighten the mood, create memorable moments, or add a touch of irony to the story.

However, be mindful of the tone and genre of your story, and use humor or wit that aligns with the overall tone and theme of your story.

Pay attention to pacing: Pacing is crucial in a short story as it determines the rhythm and flow of the story. Too fast pacing can leave readers feeling breathless and disconnected, while too slow pacing can lead to boredom.

Strike a balance between action and reflection, and vary the pace to create tension, anticipation, and emotional impact.BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment

Revise and edit rigorously: The importance of revising and editing cannot be overstated in making a short story interesting.

After writing the first draft, revise and edit rigorously to polish your story, eliminate unnecessary details, clarify the plot, refine the dialogue, and ensure smooth transitions. A well-edited story is more engaging and enjoyable to read.

iii) What are some of the rules for scripting T.V. programmes for children?

Ans. Writing television programs for children requires a unique set of guidelines and rules to ensure that the content is age-appropriate, engaging, and educational. Here are some key rules for scripting TV programs for children:

Age-appropriate content: The content of TV programs for children should be suitable for their age group. It should be free from violence, explicit language, and inappropriate themes or topics.BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment

The language used should be simple and easy to understand for the target age group, and the concepts should be presented in a way that is appropriate for their cognitive and emotional development.

Educational value: TV programs for children should have educational value and promote positive messages. They should aim to entertain, engage, and educate young viewers by offering informative and age-appropriate content.

Educational elements such as literacy, numeracy, social skills, and cultural awareness can be incorporated into the script to help children learn while they watch.

Positive role models: TV programs for children should feature positive role models that children can look up to and emulate. Characters should exhibit positive traits such as kindness, empathy, honesty, and teamwork.

It’s important to portray diverse characters from different backgrounds and cultures to promote inclusivity and representation.

Simple and clear storylines: TV programs for children should have simple and clear storylines that are easy to follow. BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment 2023

The plot should be engaging and compelling, with a clear beginning, middle, and end. Avoid complex or convoluted storylines that may confuse young viewers.

Interactive and participatory elements: TV programs for children can incorporate interactive and participatory elements to engage young viewers.

This can include opportunities for children to respond to questions, sing along, or participate in activities that encourage active involvement and participation.

Humor and entertainment: Humor and entertainment are important elements in TV programs for children. Incorporate age-appropriate humor that can make children laugh and enjoy the show. BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment

However, be mindful of the type of humor used and ensure it is appropriate for the target age group.

Visuals and animation: TV programs for children often use visuals and animation to capture their attention and imagination.

Incorporate colorful visuals, engaging animations, and visually appealing elements that can enhance the overall viewing experience for children.

Limited advertising: Be mindful of advertising content in TV programs for children. Limit the use of commercial advertising and avoid promoting products or services that are not appropriate for children.

Advertisements that are included should be clearly marked and separated from the main content.BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment

Safety and responsibility: TV programs for children should promote safety and responsibility.

Avoid depicting dangerous or risky behavior without proper context or consequences. Promote positive messages about safety, responsibility, and good values.

Cultural sensitivity: TV programs for children should be culturally sensitive and inclusive. BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment 2023

Avoid stereotypes or derogatory portrayals of individuals or groups based on race, gender, religion, or any other characteristic. Promote diversity, inclusivity, and tolerance.

Age-appropriate language: Use language that is appropriate for the target age group. Avoid complex or technical language that may be difficult for young viewers to understand. BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment

Use simple and clear language that is appropriate for the age and developmental level of the intended audience.

Authenticity and relatability: TV programs for children should be authentic and relatable to the experiences of young viewers.

Portray characters and situations that are relevant to their lives, interests, and concerns. Children should be able to see themselves in the characters and stories presented in the program.

Respect for parents and authority: TV programs for children should promote respect for parents, teachers, and authority figures.

Avoid depicting disobedience or disrespectful behavior towards adults or authority figures. Encourage positive relationships and interactions between children and adults.BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment

iv. Plagiarism has no place in creative writing-elucidate with examples.

Ans. Plagiarism, which is the act of using someone else’s work or ideas without giving them proper credit or permission, has no place in creative writing. Creative writing is about originality, expression, and authenticity.

Plagiarism not only violates ethical standards, but it also stifles creativity and undermines the integrity of the creative writing process.

Here, we will elucidate why plagiarism has no place in creative writing, and provide examples to illustrate its detrimental effects.

Firstly, plagiarism is a form of intellectual theft. It involves taking someone else’s work, whether it be their words, ideas, or expressions, and presenting it as one’s own. This is not only unethical, but it also violates copyright laws.

In creative writing, the act of plagiarism can result in legal repercussions, including copyright infringement lawsuits, fines, and damage to one’s reputation.

For example, if a writer copies and pastes a passage from a published novel into their own work without giving proper attribution or permission, it constitutes plagiarism.

This is not only unethical, but it also violates the author’s copyright and can lead to legal consequences.BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment 2023

Secondly, plagiarism hinders creativity and originality. Creative writing is about expressing one’s unique voice, ideas, and perspectives.

Plagiarism deprives the writer of the opportunity to develop and showcase their own creativity. It also undermines the value of originality, which is a crucial aspect of creative writing.

For instance, if a student submits a poem for a creative writing assignment that is copied from a published poem without proper citation, it not only shows a lack of effort and originality, but it also violates academic integrity standards.

Thirdly, plagiarism erodes trust and credibility. Readers, publishers, and the literary community at large expect originality and authenticity in creative writing.

Plagiarism breaches that trust and undermines the credibility of the writer. It can result in loss of readership, rejection by publishers, and damage to the writer’s reputation.BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment

For example, if a writer is found to have plagiarized in their published work, it can result in negative reviews, loss of readership, and damage to their literary career.

In the age of social media and online communities, plagiarism can quickly spread and tarnish the writer’s reputation in the literary world.

Furthermore, plagiarism devalues the hard work and effort of other writers. Writing is a labor-intensive process that requires time, research, and creativity.

When someone plagiarizes, they are essentially taking a shortcut and benefiting from the work of others without giving them due credit. This is unfair and unjust to the original creators.

For instance, if a writer uses passages from multiple sources without proper attribution or permission, it devalues the hard work and effort put into those original sources.

It also undermines the integrity of the writing process and the value of originality.

Plagiarism also impedes personal growth and development as a writer. The act of creating original work is an important aspect of the creative writing process.

It allows writers to explore their own thoughts, ideas, and perspectives, and hone their craft. When writers engage in plagiarism, they miss out on the opportunity to develop their own voice and style.

For example, if a writer constantly relies on plagiarized material, they are not actively engaging in the creative writing process.

They are not honing their skills, developing their own voice, or expanding their creative horizons. This hampers their growth as a writer and prevents them from reaching their full potential.

In addition, plagiarism undermines the educational value of creative writing. In academic settings, creative writing assignments are often used as opportunities for students to learn and practice their writing skills.

Section C

Q. III Attempt the following questions using your creative abilities:

I) Given below are the opening lines of a short story.
The day began like any other day and I did not know what it had in store for me……

Ans. Title: “Unexpected Adventures”

The day began like any other day, and I did not know what it had in store for me. I woke up early, as usual, and went through my usual routine.

I had my breakfast, got dressed, and headed out for work. Little did I know that this seemingly ordinary day would turn into a series of unexpected adventures that would change my life forever.BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment 2023

As I walked to the bus stop, I noticed a stray dog following me. It seemed friendly and wagged its tail as it trotted beside me. I decided to give it some food, and as I reached into my bag for a snack, I realized that I had forgotten my lunch at home.

I sighed, knowing that it would be a long day without any food. But then, a thought struck me – why not share my lunch with the stray dog? After all, it looked hungry too.

I sat down on a bench, and the dog eagerly devoured the food I offered. It wagged its tail and licked my hand in gratitude. I couldn’t help but smile, and a warm feeling spread through my heart.

I decided to name the dog Buddy, and we became instant friends. I couldn’t bear to leave Buddy behind, so I made a spontaneous decision – I would take him with me to work.

As I arrived at my office, I was greeted with surprised looks from my colleagues. Bringing a dog to work was definitely against company policy, but I explained the situation and pleaded with my boss to let Buddy stay with me for the day.

My boss, who was known for being strict, surprisingly agreed and even offered to let Buddy stay in his office. It seemed that Buddy’s cheerful presence had won everyone over, and I was grateful for their understanding.

Throughout the day, Buddy became the center of attention at the office. He happily wagged his tail and greeted everyone with his friendly nature.

My colleagues took turns playing with him during their breaks, and the office atmosphere was filled with joy and laughter. Buddy had brought an unexpected burst of happiness to our otherwise mundane workday.

As the day progressed, I received a call from my friend who lived in a nearby town. She was in a bind and needed someone to pick her up from the train station as her car had broken down. BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment 2023

I hesitated for a moment, knowing that it would mean leaving work early, but then I remembered Buddy. He had taught me to embrace spontaneity and enjoy the unexpected adventures that life has to offer.

Without a second thought, I informed my boss and colleagues, and with Buddy by my side, I set off to the train station.

When we arrived at the train station, my friend was relieved to see us. She hugged me tightly and thanked me for coming to her rescue.

I introduced her to Buddy, and she instantly fell in love with him. We decided to take a detour and visit a nearby park before heading back home.

Buddy’s playful antics brought smiles to everyone we met at the park, and he quickly became the center of attention.

It was heartwarming to see how a simple act of kindness towards a stray dog had led to unexpected connections and moments of joy.

As we were leaving the park, we noticed a lost child crying near the entrance. Without hesitation, Buddy rushed towards the child and started licking his face, comforting him instantly.

The child’s mother, who was frantically searching for her son, was relieved to find him safe with Buddy.

She thanked us profusely and hugged Buddy tightly. It was a touching moment that reminded me of the incredible bond between humans and animals and the power of kindness.

With Buddy’s help, we dropped my friend off at her home, and I returned to my own house with a heart full of gratitude.

The day had been anything but ordinary. It had been filled with unexpected adventures, and Buddy had been the catalyst for all of them.

As I entered my home, I realized that Buddy had become more than just a stray dog I had met on the street. BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment 2023

He had become a true companion, a loyal friend, and a source of inspiration. He had shown me that life is full of surprises, and sometimes the most memorable moments happen when we least expect them.

Over the next few weeks, Buddy became a permanent fixture in my life. He had found his forever home with me, and I couldn’t imagine my days without him by my side.

We went on hikes, played in the park, and even volunteered at a local animal shelter together. Buddy had brought a sense of purpose and joy into my life that I hadn’t realized was missing before.

One day, as Buddy and I were taking our usual evening walk, we stumbled upon a lost kitten hiding under a bush. It was scared and hungry, and Buddy immediately went into caregiver mode.

He gently nudged the kitten with his nose and licked it clean, as if comforting the tiny creature. I couldn’t help but be amazed by Buddy’s kindness and compassion towards another animal in need.

Without hesitation, I took the kitten in, and we named her Daisy. Buddy and Daisy quickly became best friends, and our little family grew even closer.

We spent our days together, exploring the outdoors, and spreading kindness wherever we went. Buddy had become a local celebrity in our town, and his heartwarming story was even featured in the news.

One day, I received a call from a local children’s hospital. They had heard about Buddy’s incredible story and wanted to invite him to visit the children who were undergoing treatment.

I was overwhelmed with joy and agreed immediately. Buddy and Daisy accompanied me to the hospital, and the smiles on the children’s faces when they saw Buddy were priceless.

He brought comfort and joy to each child, and his gentle presence brought tears to the eyes of the hospital staff.BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment 2023

Buddy’s story spread even further, and he became an inspiration to many. His acts of kindness and selflessness touched the hearts of people around the world, and he was recognized with numerous awards for his extraordinary contributions.

Buddy’s story was turned into a children’s book, and he became a beloved figure in our community.

As time passed, Buddy grew old, and his health started to decline. It was a difficult time for me, as he had become my closest companion and my confidante.

But I was determined to make his remaining days as comfortable and happy as possible.

I took him on his favorite walks, pampered him with treats, and spent endless hours by his side, reminiscing about our adventures together.

One day, as Buddy lay peacefully in my arms, he took his last breath. My heart was shattered, and I felt a deep sense of loss.

But as I looked back on our journey together, I realized that Buddy had given me so much more than I could ever give him.

He had taught me the true meaning of compassion, kindness, and living life to the fullest. He had shown me that even the smallest acts of kindness can have a profound impact on others, and that love has the power to change lives.

In memory of Buddy, I continued to spread his message of kindness and compassion.

Daisy and I volunteered at animal shelters, and I shared Buddy’s story with children in schools and hospitals, inspiring them to make a difference in the world. Buddy’s legacy lived on, and his story touched the hearts of countless people.

Looking back, that ordinary day when Buddy entered my life had turned into an extraordinary journey of unexpected adventures.

Buddy had brought joy, love, and purpose into my life, and his legacy would live on forever.

ii) Write a feature on “Indian women are still treated as second-class citizens”.

Ans. Indian Women Are Still Treated as Second-Class Citizens

India is a country that prides itself on its rich culture, diversity, and history. However, despite progress in various areas, Indian women continue to face deep-rooted gender discrimination and are often treated as second-class citizens in many aspects of life. BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment 2023

Despite significant strides in women’s empowerment in recent years, gender inequality remains pervasive in India, with women facing discrimination in various spheres of life, including social, economic, and political.

In this feature, we will delve into some of the key issues that highlight the continued mistreatment of Indian women as second-class citizens.

One of the glaring issues that Indian women face is gender-based violence. Violence against women, including domestic violence, sexual assault, harassment, and trafficking, remains rampant in India.

According to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), there were over 4.05 lakh (405,000) cases of crimes against women reported in 2019, with a disturbing increase in cases of rape and sexual assault.

These numbers are likely to be just the tip of the iceberg, as many cases of violence against women go unreported due to fear, social stigma, and lack of support.

The pervasive culture of patriarchy and deep-rooted gender biases contribute to the mistreatment of women, often resulting in violence and abuse.

Another area where women face discrimination is in access to education and employment opportunities.

Despite the constitutional guarantee of equal rights, women in India often face limitations in accessing education and employment opportunities.

According to UNESCO, the female literacy rate in India is 65.46% as compared to the male literacy rate of 80.33%.

This disparity in literacy rates can be attributed to various factors, including poverty, lack of access to quality education, early marriage, and societal norms that prioritize male education over female education.

Furthermore, even when women are educated, they often face discrimination in the job market, with unequal pay, limited career opportunities, and biases against hiring and promoting women to leadership positions.

Women’s participation in politics and decision-making is another area where they are often treated as second-class citizens.

Despite the Constitutional provision for gender equality and reservation of seats for women in local government bodies, women’s representation in politics remains abysmally low. BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment 2023

According to the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU), as of February 2023, women constitute only 14.36% of the total members in the Indian Parliament.

This underrepresentation of women in politics reflects the gender bias and discriminatory practices that persist in Indian society, limiting women’s voice and participation in decision-making processes.

The issue of child marriage is another aspect where Indian women are treated as second-class citizens.

Child marriage, defined as marriage before the age of 18 for girls, continues to be prevalent in many parts of India, despite being illegal.

According to the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5) conducted in 2019-20, 26.8% of women in the age group of 20-24 years were married before the age of 18.

Child marriage has severe consequences for girls, including early dropouts from education, increased risk of maternal and child mortality, and limited opportunities for economic empowerment.

This harmful practice perpetuates gender inequality and deprives young girls of their basic rights and opportunities.

In addition to these issues, Indian women also face discrimination in property rights, inheritance, healthcare, and representation in media and entertainment.

Women are often denied their rightful share in ancestral property, and discriminatory practices continue to prevail in matters of inheritance.

Gender biases in healthcare lead to inadequate access to reproductive health services, maternal healthcare, and nutrition, resulting in higher rates of maternal mortality and malnutrition among women and children.

Furthermore, the portrayal of women in media and entertainment often reinforces gender stereotypes, objectifies women, and perpetuates harmful norms and values that treat women as inferior.

One of the underlying factors that contribute to the mistreatment of Indian women as second-class citizens is the deep-rooted patriarchal mindset that prevails in society. BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment 2023

Patriarchy, a system where men hold primary power and dominance, perpetuates gender discrimination and reinforces the belief that women are inferior to men.

This mindset is often ingrained from a young age through socialization processes, cultural norms, and traditional practices that assign roles and responsibilities based on gender.

This leads to a biased view of women’s capabilities, limited opportunities, and unequal treatment in various aspects of life.

Furthermore, the intersectionality of gender with other forms of discrimination, such as caste, religion, and class, further exacerbates the mistreatment of Indian women.

Women from marginalized communities face compounded discrimination due to their gender as well as their caste, religion, or economic status.

They often face multiple layers of oppression, limiting their access to resources, opportunities, and social mobility.

This intersectionality adds to the complexity of gender discrimination and reinforces the systemic mistreatment of women as second-class citizens.

It is important to note that while progress has been made in some areas, there are still significant gaps in achieving gender equality in India.

The government and various organizations have implemented laws, policies, and programs to address gender discrimination and promote women’s empowerment.

However, implementation and enforcement of these measures remain weak, and societal attitudes and practices continue to perpetuate gender biases.

There are also many inspiring examples of women who have broken barriers and challenged the status quo to achieve remarkable success in various fields.

Women leaders, entrepreneurs, activists, artists, and professionals have shown immense resilience and determination in breaking through gender barriers and making their mark. BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment 2023

Their achievements are a testament to the potential and capabilities of Indian women and highlight the need for equal opportunities and treatment for all genders.

To address the issue of women being treated as second-class citizens in India, concerted efforts are needed at multiple levels.

First and foremost, there is a need to challenge and change the patriarchal mindset that perpetuates gender discrimination.

This includes promoting gender-sensitive education, challenging harmful cultural norms, and fostering equal opportunities and treatment for all genders from a young age.

Secondly, there is a need for stronger implementation and enforcement of laws and policies related to gender equality.

This includes addressing issues such as violence against women, promoting equal opportunities in education and employment, and ensuring women’s representation in decision-making processes.

It also involves addressing issues such as child marriage, property rights, and healthcare to ensure that women’s rights are protected and promoted in all spheres of life.

Thirdly, promoting women’s empowerment and leadership is crucial in challenging the status quo.

This includes providing access to education, skill-building, and economic opportunities for women, as well as promoting their leadership in various fields, including politics, business, and media.

Women’s empowerment is not only a matter of human rights but also essential for sustainable development and progress of the society as a whole.

iii) Write a nature poem of ten to fourteen lines.

Ans. Emerald Hues

In nature’s realm, a world of emerald hues,
Where verdant foliage blankets the earth,
The forest breathes with life’s eternal birth,
A symphony of greens, a vibrant muse.

The leaves dance in the gentle breeze’s caress,
As sunlight filters through the canopies high,
Creating dappled patterns ‘neath the sky,
A sanctuary of peace, a tranquil address.

The scent of dew-kissed grass fills the air,
With fragrance sweet and earthy notes,
As flowers bloom in colors that denote,
Nature’s canvas, a masterpiece so rare.

The songbird’s melody, a joyous refrain,
Echoes through the woods in a chorus of cheer,
As creatures big and small, both far and near,
Find solace in nature’s embrace, free from pain.

Yet, amidst the beauty, a cautionary tale,
Of human impact, a looming threat,
As deforestation and pollution beset,
Nature’s delicate balance, a fragile sail.

Let us be stewards, protectors true,
Of nature’s treasures, so rich and grand,
Preserve the beauty, the wonders of the land,
For generations to come, and for Earth’s renew.

So, let us cherish nature’s emerald hues,
And heed the call to protect and conserve,
For in its embrace, we find solace and serve,
A timeless symphony, a gift to peruse.

iv) Structure a T.V. advertisement for a new model of mobile phone.

Ans. [Scene 1]
[Location: A sleek and modern urban setting with a bustling street]
[Background music: Upbeat and energetic]

[Camera zooms in on a trendy and tech-savvy young woman walking down the street, confidently using a new mobile phone.]

Narrator: “Introducing the all-new, cutting-edge XYZ Mobile Phone, designed for the modern generation!”BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment 2023

[Scene 2]
[Location: A high-tech lab with scientists working on advanced technology]
[Background music: Futuristic and awe-inspiring]

[Camera shifts to a team of scientists working on the latest technological advancements, including features of the new mobile phone such as a high-resolution camera, powerful processor, and advanced security features.]

Narrator: “With state-of-the-art technology and innovative features, XYZ Mobile Phone is a game-changer in the world of smartphones.”

[Scene 3]
[Location: A scenic mountain trail]
[Background music: Adventurous and thrilling]

[Camera captures a group of friends hiking in a picturesque mountain trail, using the XYZ Mobile Phone to capture stunning photos, navigate the trail, and stay connected with loved ones.]

Narrator: “Capture breathtaking memories, stay connected, and explore the world with XYZ Mobile Phone, your ultimate adventure companion.”

[Scene 4]
[Location: A busy office]
[Background music: Productive and efficient]

[Camera shows a young professional using the XYZ Mobile Phone to manage her work tasks, make video calls, and stay organized with productivity apps.]

Narrator: “Achieve productivity on the go with XYZ Mobile Phone, your perfect tool for work-life balance.”

[Scene 5]
[Location: A trendy cafe]
[Background music: Social and fun]

[Camera shows a group of friends gathered at a cafe, sharing photos, playing games, and enjoying social media on their XYZ Mobile Phones.]

Narrator: “Stay connected with friends and loved ones, and enjoy endless entertainment with XYZ Mobile Phone, the life of the party.”

[Scene 6] BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment 2023
[Location: A family gathering]
[Background music: Heartwarming and emotional]

[Camera captures a heartwarming moment of a family video call using the XYZ Mobile Phone, staying connected even when miles apart.]

Narrator: “Stay close to your loved ones with XYZ Mobile Phone, bridging distances and creating precious memories.”

[Scene 7]
[Location: A futuristic cityscape]
[Background music: Futuristic and cutting-edge]

[Camera zooms out to a panoramic view of a futuristic cityscape, showcasing the XYZ Mobile Phone as a symbol of technological advancement and innovation.]

Narrator: “Experience the future with XYZ Mobile Phone, the epitome of cutting-edge technology in the palm of your hand.”

[Scene 8]
[Location: Close-up of XYZ Mobile Phone]
[Background music: Upbeat and enthusiastic]

[Camera focuses on the XYZ Mobile Phone, showcasing its sleek design and impressive features.]

Narrator: “Get your XYZ Mobile Phone today and unlock a world of limitless possibilities!”

[Scene 9]
[Location: Logo and contact information]
[Background music: Conclusive and memorable]

[Camera shows the XYZ Mobile Phone logo and contact information, inviting viewers to visit the website or contact for more information.]

Narrator: “Visit our website or contact us to learn more about XYZ Mobile Phone, the future of mobile technology.”

[Scene 10]
[Location: Fade out]
[Background music fades out]

[The advertisement ends with a fade-out, leaving viewers intrigued and eager to learn more about the XYZ Mobile Phone.]

Narrator: “XYZ Mobile Phone – Empower Your World.”

v) Write a travel article about your home town in order to attract trourists to visit it.

Ans. Discover the Hidden Gems of Hisar: A Traveler’s Guide

Nestled in the heart of Hisar, lies a destination that is often overlooked by travelers seeking adventure and cultural experiences. But what they don’t know is that Hisar is a treasure trove of hidden gems waiting to be discovered.

From its rich history and vibrant culture to its breathtaking natural beauty and warm hospitality, Hisar offers a unique and authentic travel experience that will leave you captivated. BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment 2023

Join me on a journey as we explore the lesser-known wonders of Hisar and discover why it deserves a spot on your travel bucket list.

History and Culture
Hisar boasts a rich history that dates back centuries. As you stroll through its streets, you will be transported to a bygone era, with its well-preserved historic buildings, charming alleys, and quaint local markets.

The town’s heritage is evident in its architecture, which showcases a blend of indigenous styles and influences from various cultures that have left their mark on Hisar.

From colonial-era structures to ancient temples and mosques, there’s a story waiting to be unravelled in every nook and cranny of this town.

One of the highlights of Hisar is its unique cultural diversity. As a melting pot of different ethnicities and religions, the town offers a captivating tapestry of traditions, customs, and festivals.

From the vibrant celebrations of Diwali, Eid, and Christmas to the colorful processions during the annual cultural parade, there’s always something happening in Hisar.

Immerse yourself in the local culture by sampling the delicious street food, witnessing traditional dance performances, or participating in workshops to learn local crafts. The warmth and friendliness of the locals will make you feel right at home and leave you with unforgettable memories.

Natural Beauty
Beyond its history and culture, Hisar is blessed with breathtaking natural beauty. Surrounded by lush green hills, pristine rivers, and serene lakes, the town offers ample opportunities for outdoor enthusiasts and nature lovers.

Explore the nearby nature reserves and national parks to spot rare wildlife, embark on scenic hikes to capture panoramic views of the town and its surroundings, or simply relax by the riverside and take in the tranquility of nature.

One of the must-visit natural attractions in Hisar is the mesmerizing [Name of a famous natural site], known for its stunning [Describe the unique features of the natural site, such as waterfalls, caves, or rock formations].

This natural wonder is a photographer’s paradise, offering countless photo opportunities and creating lasting memories.

You can also indulge in adventure activities like [List down adventure activities available in the area, such as hiking, camping, or river rafting] to get your adrenaline pumping and experience the thrill of the great outdoors.

Fun Park BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment 2023
One of the highlights of visiting Hisar is the opportunity to indulge in unique local experiences that are sure to leave a lasting impression.

From savoring the flavors of local cuisine to interacting with the locals and learning about their way of life, [Your Home Town] offers a plethora of authentic experiences that will make your trip truly memorable.

Start your day with a cup of piping hot [Famous local beverage] at a local teashop, where you can engage in conversations with the friendly locals and learn about their everyday life.

Take a leisurely stroll through the bustling local markets, filled with colorful fruits, vegetables, spices, and handicrafts. You can also visit the local workshops where artisans create intricate handicrafts using traditional techniques passed down through generations.

If you’re a foodie, don’t miss the chance to sample the local delicacies, which are a blend of flavors from different cultures that have influenced the cuisine of Hisar. From savory street food like [Famous local dish] to aromatic spices and fresh produce, the local cuisine is sure to tantalize your taste buds and leave you craving for more.

For a truly immersive experience, you can also opt to stay in a homestay or a guesthouse run by local families.

This will not only give you a glimpse into the daily lives of the locals but also provide an opportunity to engage in meaningful conversations, learn about their customs and traditions, and create lasting connections.

The warmth and hospitality of the locals will make you feel like a part of their extended family and leave you with cherished memories.

Throughout the year, Hisar comes alive with a calendar full of vibrant events and festivals that showcase the town’s rich cultural heritage. One of the most popular events is the annual Holi, where the entire town is adorned with colorful decorations, and locals come together to celebrate with dance, music, and food.

The festival offers a unique opportunity to witness the town’s cultural extravaganza and immerse yourself in the local traditions.

Another event not to be missed is the Diwali, celebrated during November. During this festival, the town is transformed into a spectacle of lights and decorations, and the streets come alive with performances, parades, and traditional rituals.

The festive atmosphere, coupled with the warmth and enthusiasm of the locals, creates a truly unforgettable experience that will leave you mesmerized.

Adventure and Recreation
For adventure seekers and outdoor enthusiasts, Hisar has plenty to offer. With its pristine natural surroundings, the town is a paradise for adventure activities and recreational pursuits. BEGG 174 Solved Free Assignment 2023

You can embark on thrilling treks and hikes through the lush hills, explore the nearby caves and rock formations, or indulge in water-based activities like river rafting, boating, and fishing.

For those who prefer a more leisurely pace, you can take a leisurely boat ride on the serene lakes, have a picnic by the riverside, or simply relax and soak in the natural beauty around you.

The town also has well-maintained parks and gardens where you can enjoy a leisurely stroll or indulge in some yoga and meditation to rejuvenate your mind, body, and soul.

Shopping and Souvenirs
No trip is complete without some retail therapy, and Hisar has plenty to offer in terms of unique shopping experiences.

The local markets are a treasure trove of handicrafts, traditional artifacts, and souvenirs that reflect the town’s rich culture and heritage.

From intricately woven textiles and hand-painted ceramics to locally sourced spices and teas, there’s something for everyone.

One of the must-visit markets is the Azad Nagar, known for its vibrant ambiance, colorful displays, and a wide range of local products. Here, you can browse through the stalls, interact with the local artisans, and take home a piece of Hisar with you.

The market also offers a perfect opportunity to engage in some bargaining and hone your negotiation skills while picking up unique souvenirs for yourself or your loved ones.


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